Shareholder information

INTERIM RESULTS
for the six months ended 31 December 2021



Directors

Dr PT Motsepe (Executive Chairman), MP Schmidt (Chief Executive Officer), F Abbott*, M Arnold**,
TA Boardman*, AD Botha*, JA Chissano (Mozambican)*, WM Gule*, AK Maditsi*, J Magagula,
TTA Mhlanga, HL Mkatshana, PJ Mnisi*, DC Noko*, Dr RV Simelane*, JC Steenkamp*

* Independent Non-executive.
** Non-executive.

Contact details and administration

  • AFRICAN RAINBOW MINERALS LIMITED
    Incorporated in the Republic of South Africa
    Registration number 1933/004580/06
    ISIN code: ZAE000054045

    Registered office
    ARM House
    29 Impala Road
    Chislehurston, Sandton, 2196
    South Africa

    PO Box 786136, Sandton, 2146
    South Africa

    Telephone: +27 11 779 1300
    E-mail: ir.admin@arm.co.za
    Website: http://www.arm.co.za

  • Transfer secretaries
    Computershare Investor Services Proprietary Limited
    Rosebank Towers, 15 Biermann Avenue
    Rosebank, Johannesburg, 2196

    Private Bag X9000
    Saxonwold, 2132

    Telephone: +27 11 370 5000
    Fax: +27 11 688 5222
    E-mail: web.queries@computershare.co.za
    Website: http://www.computershare.co.za

    Sponsor
    Investec Bank Limited


  • Investor relations

    Jongisa Magagula
    Executive Director: Investor Relations and
    New Business Development
    Telephone: +27 11 779 1300
    Email: jongisa.magagula@arm.co.za

  • Group company secretary and governance officer

    Alyson D’Oyley, BCom, LLB, LLM
    Telephone: +27 11 779 1300
    Email: alyson.doyley@arm.co.za



Notes

INTERIM RESULTS
for the six months ended 31 December 2021


NOTES TO THE CONDENSED GROUP INTERIM FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

for the six months ended 31 December 2021

1    STATEMENT OF COMPLIANCE

The condensed group interim financial statements for the six months ended 31 December 2021 have been prepared in accordance with the framework concepts and the measurement and recognition requirements of International Financial Reporting Standards (IFRS), the South African Institute of Chartered Accountants (SAICA), Financial Reporting Guides as issued by the Accounting Practices Committee and Financial Pronouncements as issued by the Financial Reporting Standards Council and contains the information required by IAS 34 Interim Financial Reporting, requirements of the South African Companies Act and the Listings Requirements of the Johannesburg Stock Exchange (JSE) Limited.

BASIS OF PREPARATION

The condensed group interim financial statements for the six months ended 31 December 2021 have been prepared on the historical cost basis, except for certain financial instruments, which include listed investments and unlisted investments that are fair valued. The accounting policies used are consistent with those in the most recent annual financial statements except for those listed below and comply with IFRS. The condensed group interim financial statements for the period have been prepared under the supervision of the Finance Director, Ms TTA Mhlanga CA(SA).

The presentation and functional currency is the South African rand and the condensed group interim financial statements are rounded to the nearest R million.

ADOPTION OF NEW AND REVISED ACCOUNTING STANDARDS

The group has adopted the following new and/or revised standards and interpretations issued by the International Financial Reporting Interpretation Committee (IFRIC) of the IASB during the period under review. The date of initial application for the ARM Group being 1 July 2021.

Standard Subject Effective date
IFRS 9, IAS 39, IFRS 7, IFRS 4 and IFRS 16 Interest rate benchmark reform 1 January 2021

The adoption of the above standards had no significant effect on the condensed group interim financial statements.

COVID-19 IMPACT ON OPERATIONS

Health and safety measures are complied with at all operations. Measures that have been put in place to reduce the risk of a Covid-19 outbreak include the following:

  • Daily screening of all employees
  • Compulsory wearing of face masks
  • Social distancing throughout the mine
  • Installation of hand wash basins and sanitising stations
  • Regular disinfection of high risk areas
  • Rollout of vaccination programme at all our operations.

It is estimated that the negative impact of Covid-19 on all operations is currently minimal.

NEW STANDARDS ISSUED BUT NOT YET EFFECTIVE

The following amendments, standards or interpretations have been issued but are not yet effective for the ARM Group. The effective date refers to periods beginning on or after, unless otherwise indicated.

Standard Subject Effective date
IFRS 3 Business Combinations – Amendment 1 January 2022
IAS 1 Presentation of financial statements – Amendment 1 January 2023
IAS 16 Property, Plant and Equipment – Amendment 1 January 2022
IAS 37 Provisions, Contingent Liabilities and Contingent Assets – Amendment 1 January 2022
IFRS 9 Financial instruments – Amendment 1 January 2022
IFRS 17 Insurance Contracts 1 January 2023

The group does not intend early adopting any of the above amendments or standards.

ARM continuously evaluates the impact of these standards and amendments, the adoption of which are not expected to have a significant effect on the group financial results.

2    SEGMENTAL INFORMATION

PRIMARY SEGMENTAL INFORMATION

For management purposes the group is organised into operating divisions. The operating divisions are ARM Platinum (which includes platinum and nickel), ARM Ferrous, ARM Coal, ARM Corporate (which includes Corporate, Machadodorp Works, gold and other) in the table below.

    ARM  
Platinum1
Rm  
ARM  
Ferrous2
Rm  
ARM
Coal
Rm
ARM
Corporate
Rm
  Total
Rm
IFRS  
adjustment3
Rm  
  Total
per IFRS
financial
statements
Rm
2.1 Six months ended 31 December 2021 (Unaudited)                  
  Sales 6 111 9 396 891 64   16 462 (9 396)   7 066
  Cost of sales (2 992) (5 795) (605) (53)   (9 445) 5 775   (3 670)
  Other operating income4 120 72 259 443   894 (24)   870
  Other operating expenses4 (480) (702) (58) (823)   (2 063) 702   (1 361)
  Segment result 2 759 2 971 487 (369)   5 848 (2 943)   2 905
  Income from investments 62 143 5 240   450 (143)   307
  Finance cost (32) (16) (84) (14)   (146) 16   (130)
  Loss from associate5    
  Profit from joint venture 215   215 2 172   2 387
  Capital items before tax6 (57) 120 118   181 57   238
  Taxation (805) (849) (57) (204)   (1 915) 841   (1 074)
  Profit/(loss) after tax 1 984 2 407 471 (229)   4 633   4 633
  Non-controlling interest (739) (1)   (740)   (740)
  Consolidation adjustment7 (20) 20    
  Contribution to basic earnings/(losses) 1 245 2 387 471 (210)   3 893   3 893
  Contribution to headline earnings/(losses) 1 245 2 428 351 (328)   3 696   3 696
  Other information                  
  Segment assets including investment in associate and joint venture 15 196 26 295 3 061 16 024   60 576 (6 393)   54 183
  Investment in associate     239     239     239
  Investment in joint venture             19 903   19 903
  Segment liabilities 2 438 2 586 1 711 1 433   8 168 (2 586)   5 582
  Unallocated liabilities – Deferred taxation and taxation           1 7 44 (3 807)   3 634
  Consolidated total liabilities           15 609 (6 393)   9 216
  Cash generated from operations 4 194 5 353 52 579   10 178 (5 353)   4 825
  Cash inflow/(outflow) from operating activities 3 442 4 967 53 (3 358)   5 104 (1 467)   3 637
  Cash (outflow)/inflow from investing activities (998) (1 128) (57) (112)   (2 295) 1 128   (1 167)
  Cash (outflow)/inflow from financing activities (23) (10) 2 (34)   (65)   (65)
  Capital expenditure 792 1 070 67 4   1 933 (1 070)   863
  Amortisation and depreciation 318 566 109 5   998 (566)   432
  Impairment loss/reversal (gain) before tax 44 (121) (118)   (195) (44)   (239)
  EBITDA 3 077 3 537 596 (364)   6 846 (3 509)   3 337
 

There were no significant inter-division sales.

1 Refer note 2.4 for more detail on the ARM Platinum segment.
2 Refer note 2.7 and note 7 for more detail on the ARM Ferrous segment.
3 Includes IFRS 11 Joint Arrangements adjustments related to ARM Ferrous.
4 Included in ARM Corporate is R365 million re-measurement loss, partially offset with a R259 million re-measurement gain in ARM Coal (refer note 15).
5 Includes re-measurement loss on ARM Coal loans of R241 million (refer note 15).
6 Refer note 13 for more detail.
7 Relates to capitalised fees in ARM Ferrous.
    ARM  
Platinum1
Rm  
ARM  
Ferrous2
Rm  
ARM
Coal
Rm
ARM
Corporate
Rm
  Total
Rm
IFRS  
adjustment3
Rm  
  Total
per IFRS
financial
statements
Rm
2.2 Six months ended 31 December 2020 (Reviewed)                  
  Sales 8 494 10 939 482 70   19 985 (10 939)   9 046
  Cost of sales (3 483) (5 295) (538) (64)   (9 380) 5 276   (4 104)
  Other operating income 93 53 834   980 (9)   971
  Other operating expenses4 (691) (1 535) (31) (523)   (2 780) 1 535   (1 245)
  Segment result 4 413 4 162 (87) 317   8 805 (4 137)   4 668
  Income from investments 27 88 6 150   271 (88)   183
  Finance cost (33) (22) (83) (15)   (153) 22   (131)
  Loss from associate5 (87)   (87)   (87)
  Loss from joint venture (56)   (56) 2 840   2 784
  Capital items before tax6 (171)   (171) 171    
  Taxation (1 203) (1 200) 29 (183)   (2 557) 1 192   (1 365)
  Profit/(loss) after tax 3 204 2 801 (222) 269   6 052   6 052
  Non-controlling interest (1 183) (1)   (1 184)   (1 184)
  Consolidation adjustment7 (17) 17    
  Contribution to basic earnings/(losses) 2 021 2 784 (222) 285   4 868   4 868
  Contribution to headline earnings/(losses) 2 021 2 955 (222) 285   5 039   5 039
  Other information                  
  Segment assets including investment in associate and joint venture 12 495 24 930 3 345 12 905   53 675 (6 167)   47 508
  Investment in associate     703     703     703
  Investment in joint venture             18 763   18 763
  Segment liabilities
2 816 2 447 2 018 1 645   8 926 (2 447)   6 479
  Unallocated liabilities – Deferred taxation and taxation           6 449 (3 720)   2 729
  Consolidated total liabilities           15 375 (6 167)   9 208
  Cash generated from operations 2 102 3 293 123 (199)   5 319 (3 293)   2 026
  Cash inflow/(outflow) from operating activities 1 134 2 706 124 (1 629)   2 335 (1 206)   1 129
  Cash (outflow)/inflow from investing activities (724) (1 067) (118) 855   (1 054) 1 067   13
  Cash (outflow)/inflow from financing activities (138) (10) (8) 18   (138)   (138)
  Capital expenditure 724 957 195 1   1 877 (957)   920
  Amortisation and depreciation 316 545 102 3   966 (545)   421
  Impairment loss before tax 169   169 (169)  
  EBITDA 4 729 4 707 15 320   9 771 (4 682)   5 089
 

There were no significant inter-division sales.

1 Refer note 2.5 for more detail on the ARM Platinum segment.
2 Refer note 2.8 and note 7 for more detail on the ARM Ferrous segment.
3 Includes IFRS 11 Joint Arrangements adjustments related to ARM Ferrous.
4 Included in Modikwa is R129 million re-measurement loss, partially offset with a R123 million re-measurement gain in ARM Corporate (refer note 15).
5 Includes re-measurement gain on ARM Coal loans of R25 million (refer note 15).
6 Refer note 13 for more detail.
7 Relates to capitalised fees in ARM Ferrous.
    ARM  
Platinum1
Rm  
ARM  
Ferrous2
Rm  
ARM
Coal
Rm
ARM
Corporate
Rm
  Total
Rm
IFRS  
adjustment3
Rm  
  Total
per IFRS
financial
statements
Rm
2.3 Year ended 30 June 2021 (Audited)                  
  Sales 18 463 24 907 1 058 136   44 564 (24 907)   19 657
  Cost of sales (6 687) (11 046) (1 078) (93)   (18 904) 11 004   (7 900)
  Other operating income 293 81 236 1 747   2 357 21   2 378
  Other operating expenses (1 611) (2 914) (50) (1 056)   (5 631) 2 914   (2 717)
  Segment result 10 458 11 028 166 734   22 386 (10 968)   11 418
  Income from investments 72 245 11 404   732 (245)   487
  Finance cost (95) (37) (175) (59)   (366) 37   (329)
  Loss from associate (260)   (260)   (260)
  Loss from joint venture (3)   (3) 7 501   7 498
  Capital items before tax3 (502) (9)   (511) 502   (9)
  Taxation (2 925) (3 190) 8 (399)   (6 506) 3 173   (3 333)
  Profit/(loss) after tax 7 510 7 541 (250) 671   15 472   15 472
  Non-controlling interest (2 844) (2)   (2 846)   (2 846)
  Consolidation adjustment4 (43) 43    
  Contribution to basic earnings/(losses) 4 666 7 498 (250) 712   12 626     12 626
  Contribution to headline earnings/(losses) 4 666 7 927 (250) 721   13 064   13 064
  Other information                  
  Segment assets including investment in associate 14 403 27 441 3 085 14 663   59 592 (6 503)   53 089
  Investment in associate     534     534     534
  Investment in joint venture             20 938   20 938
  Segment liabilities 2 644 2 997 1 847 1 699   9 187 (2 997)   6 190
  Unallocated liabilities – Deferred taxation and taxation           6 629 (3 506)   3 123
  Consolidated total liabilities           15 816 (6 503)   9 313
  Cash generated from operations 7 758 9 836 197 (153)   17 638 (9 836)   7 802
  Cash inflow/(outflow) from operating activities 4 742 7 255 199 (3 576)   8 620 (3 255)   5 365
  Cash (outflow)/inflow from investing activities (1 562) (2 345) (193) 917   (3 183) 2 345   (838)
  Cash (outflow)/inflow from financing activities (313) (19) (10) (17)   (359) 19   (340)
  Capital expenditure 1 611 2 221 263 10   4 105 (2 221)   1 884
  Amortisation and depreciation 619 1 126 182 8   1 935 (1 126)   809
  Impairment loss before tax 500 9   509 (500)   9
  EBITDA 11 077 12 154 348 742   24 321 (12 094)   12 227
 

There were no significant inter-division sales.

1 Refer to ARM Ferrous segment note 2.9 and note 7 for more detail.
2 Includes IFRS 11 Joint Arrangements adjustments related to ARM Ferrous.
3 Refer note 13 for more detail.
4 Relates to fees capitalised in ARM Ferrous and reversed upon consolidation.

ADDITIONAL INFORMATION

The ARM Platinum segment is analysed further into Nkomati, Two Rivers Platinum Proprietary Limited and ARM Mining Consortium Limited which includes 50% of the Modikwa Platinum Mine.

    Two Rivers
Rm
Modikwa
Rm
Nkomati
Rm
  ARM
Platinum
Rm
2.4 Six months ended 31 December 2021 (Unaudited)          
  Sales 3 969 2 160 (18)   6 111
  Cost of sales (1 885) (1 107)   (2 992)
  Other operating income 45 73 2   120
  Other operating expenses (287) (146) (47)   (480)
  Segment result 1 842 980 (63)   2 759
  Income from investments 32 26 4   62
  Finance cost (11) (7) (14)   (32)
  Taxation (521) (283) (1)   (805)
  Profit/(loss) after tax 1 342 716 (74)   1 984
  Non-controlling interest (617) (122)   (739)
  Contribution to earnings/(losses) 725 594 (74)   1 245
  Contribution to headline earnings/(losses) 725 594 (74)   1 245
  Other information          
  Segment and consolidated assets 10 192 4 792 212   15 196
  Segment liabilities 1 066 681 691   2 438
  Cash inflow from operating activities 2 307 1 135   3 442
  Cash outflow from investing activities (572) (398) (28)   (998)
  Cash outflow from financing activities (8) (15)   (23)
  Capital expenditure 572 220   792
  Amortisation and depreciation 244 74   318
  EBITDA 2 086 1 054 (63)   3 077
    Two Rivers
Rm
Modikwa
Rm
Nkomati
Rm
  ARM
Platinum
Rm
2.5 Six months ended 31 December 2020 (Reviewed)          
  Sales 5 341 1 957 1 196   8 494
  Cost of sales (1 699) (939) (845)   (3 483)
  Other operating income 52 38 3   93
  Other operating expenses (388) (241) (62)   (691)
  Segment result 3 306 815 292   4 413
  Income from investments 9 16 2   27
  Finance cost (12) (7) (14)   (33)
  Taxation (936) (267)   (1 203)
  Profit after tax 2 367 557 280   3 204
  Non-controlling interest (1 088) (95)   (1 183)
  Contribution to basic earnings 1 279 462 280   2 021
  Contribution to headline earnings 1 279 462 280   2 021
  Other information          
  Segment and consolidated assets 8 274 3 719 502   12 495
  Segment liabilities 1 566 453 797   2 816
  Cash inflow from operating activities 903 207 24   1 134
  Cash outflow from investing activities (552) (172)   (724)
  Cash outflow from financing activities (65) (73)   (138)
  Capital expenditure 552 172   724
  Amortisation and depreciation 244 72   316
  EBITDA 3 550 887 292   4 729
    Two Rivers
Rm
Modikwa
Rm
Nkomati1
Rm 
  ARM
Platinum
Rm
2.6 For the year ended 30 June 2021 (Audited)          
  Sales 11 992 4 924 1 547   18 463
  Cost of sales (3 533) (1 924) (1 230)   (6 687)
  Other operating income 180 110 3   293
  Other operating expenses (952) (525) (134)   (1 611)
  Segment result 7 687 2 585 186   10 458
  Income from investments 32 34 6   72
  Finance cost (60) (9) (26)   (95)
  Taxation (2 156) (768) (1)   (2 925)
  Profit after tax 5 503 1 842 165   7 510
  Non-controlling interest (2 531) (313)   (2 844)
  Contribution to basic earnings 2 972 1 529 165   4 666
  Contribution to headline earnings 2 972 1 529 165   4 666
  Other information          
  Segment and consolidated assets 9 709 4 410 284   14 403
  Segment liabilities 1 402 552 690   2 644
  Cash generated from operations 5 878 1 765 115   7 758
  Cash inflow from operating activities 3 289 1 334 119   4 742
  Cash outflow from investing activities (1 182) (374) (6)   (1 562)
  Cash outflow from financing activities (221) (92)   (313)
  Capital expenditure 1 281 330   1 611
  Amortisation and depreciation 488 131   619
  EBITDA 8 175 2 716 186   11 077
 
1 Nkomati ceased mining operations on 14 March 2021. The mine is currently under care and maintenance.

ANALYSIS OF THE ARM FERROUS SEGMENT

    at 100% basis        
    Iron ore
division
Rm
Manganese
division
Rm
ARM
Ferrous
total
Rm
ARM
share
Rm
  IFRS  
adjustment1
Rm  
Total
per IFRS
financial
statements
Rm
2.7 Six months ended 31 December 2021 (Unaudited)              
  Sales 12 606 6 187 18 793 9 396   (9 396)
  Cost of sales (6 532) (5 058) (11 590) (5 795)   5 795
  Other operating income 1 101 274 1 375 72   (72)
  Other operating expenses (2 210) (427) (2 637) (702)   702
  Segment result 4 965 976 5 941 2 971   (2 971)
  Income from investments 282 3 285 143   (143)
  Finance cost (21) (12) (33) (16)   16
  Profit from joint venture 431 431 215   (215)
  Capital items before tax2 (114) (114) (57)   57
  Taxation (1 417) (280) (1 697) (849)   849
  Profit after tax 3 695 1 118 4 813 2 407   (2 407)
  Consolidation adjustment3 (20)   20
  Contribution to basic earnings and total comprehensive income 3 695 1 118 4 813 2 387   2 387
  Contribution to headline earnings 3 777 1 118 4 895 2 428   2 428
  Other information
  Segment assets 34 563 19 670 54 233 26 295   (6 392) 19 903
  Segment liabilities 8 156 5 089 13 245 2 586   (2 586)
  Cash inflow from operating activities4 2 028 905 2 933 4 967   (4 967)
  Cash outflow from investing activities (1 125) (1 131) (2 256) (1 128)   1 128
  Cash outflow from financing activities (20) (1) (21) (10)   10
  Capital expenditure 1 152 1 083 2 235 1 070   (1 070)
  Amortisation and depreciation 793 379 1 172 566   (566)
  EBITDA 5 758 1 355 7 113 3 537   (3 537)
  Additional information for ARM Ferrous at 100%
  Non-current assets
  Property, plant and equipment 29 971 (29 971)
  Investment in joint venture 1 262 (1 262)
  Other non-current assets 1 443 (1 443)
  Inventories 763 (763)
  Current assets
  Inventories 5 054 (5 054)
  Trade and other receivables 6 726 (6 726)
  Financial assets 157 (157)
  Cash and cash equivalents 8 855 (8 855)
  Non-current liabilities
  Other non-current liabilities 8 708 (8 708)
  Current liabilities
  Trade and other payables 3 463 (3 463)
  Short-term provisions 617 (617)
  Taxation 254 (254)
 

Refer note 2.1 and note 7 for more detail on the ARM Ferrous segment.

1 Includes consolidation and IFRS 11 Joint Arrangements adjustments.
2 Refer note 13 for more detail.
3 Includes consolidation adjustment for capitalised fees.
4 Iron ore division includes dividend paid amounting to R3.5 billion included in cash flows from operating activities.
    at 100% basis        
    Iron ore
division
Rm
Manganese
division
Rm
ARM
Ferrous
total
Rm
ARM
share
Rm
  IFRS  
adjustment1
Rm  
Total
per IFRS
financial
statements
Rm
2.8 Six months ended 31 December 2020 (Reviewed)              
  Sales2 15 942 5 935 21 877 10 939   (10 939)
  Cost of sales (5 916) (4 674) (10 590) (5 295)   5 295
  Other operating income 657 79 736 53   (53)
  Other operating expenses (2 916) (783) (3 699) (1 535)   1 535
  Segment result 7 767 557 8 324 4 162   (4 162)
  Income from investments 170 6 176 88   (88)
  Finance cost (24) (20) (44) (22)   22
  Loss from joint venture (112) (112) (56)   56
  Capital items before tax (341) (341) (171)   171
  Taxation (2 244) (157) (2 401) (1 200)   1 200
  Profit/(loss) after tax 5 669 (67) 5 602 2 801   (2 801)
  Consolidation adjustment3 (17)   17
  Contribution to basic earnings/(losses) and total comprehensive income/(losses) 5 669 (67) 5 602 2 784   2 784
  Contribution to headline earnings 5 669 274 5 943 2 955   2 955
  Other information
  Segment assets 30 663 20 713 51 376 24 930   (6 166) 18 763
  Segment liabilities 7 827 4 933 12 760 2 447   (2 447)
  Cash inflow/(outflow) from operating activities4 4 713 (2 300) 2 413 2 706   (2 706)
  Cash outflow from investing activities (1 100) (1 034) (2 134) (1 067)   1 067
  Cash outflow from financing activities (19) (19) (10)   10
  Capital expenditure 962 1 038 2 000 957   (957)
  Amortisation and depreciation 752 375 1 127 545   (545)
  EBITDA 8 519 932 9 451 4 707   (4 707)
  Additional information for ARM Ferrous at 100%
  Non-current assets
  Property, plant and equipment 28 162 (28 162)
  Investment in joint venture 878 (878)
  Other non-current assets 1 872 (1 872)
  Current assets
  Inventories 4 919 (4 919)
  Trade and other receivables 8 769 (8 769)
  Financial assets 100 (100)
  Cash and cash equivalents 6 678 (6 678)
  Non-current liabilities
  Other non-current liabilities 8 365 (8 365)
  Current liabilities
  Trade and other payables 2 577 (2 577)
  Short-term provisions 1 266 (1 266)
  Taxation 411 (411)
  Financial liabilities 131 (131)
 

Refer note 2.2 and note 7 for more detail on the ARM Ferrous segment.

1 Includes consolidation and IFRS 11 Joint Arrangements adjustments.
2 Refer note 13 for more detail.
3 Includes consolidation adjustment for capitalised fees.
4 Iron ore division includes dividend paid amounting to R3 billion included in cash flows from operating activities.
    at 100% basis        
    Iron ore
division
Rm
Manganese
division
Rm
ARM
Ferrous
total
Rm
ARM
share
Rm
  IFRS  
adjustment1
Rm  
Total
per IFRS
financial
statements
Rm
2.9 For the year ended 30 June 2021 (Audited)              
  Sales 37 621 12 192 49 813 24 907   (24 907)
  Cost of sales (12 286) (9 807) (22 093) (11 046)   11 046
  Other operating income 1 329 168 1 497 81   (81)
  Other operating expenses (5 970) (1 190) (7 160) (2 914)   2 914
  Segment results 20 694 1 363 22 057 11 028   (11 028)
  Income from investments 478 13 491 245   (245)
  Finance cost (62) (12) (74) (37)   37
  Loss from joint ventures (7) (7) (3)   3
  Capital items before tax2 (49) (956) (1 005) (502)   502
  Taxation (6 065) (314) (6 379) (3 190)   3 190
  Profit after tax 14 996 87 15 083 7 541   (7 541)
  Consolidation adjustment (43)   43
  Contribution to basic earnings 14 996 87 15 083 7 498   7 498
  Contribution to headline earnings 15 046 897 15 943 7 927   7 927
  Other information
  Consolidated total assets 35 662 20 806 56 468 27 441   (6 503) 20 938
  Consolidated total liabilities 6 846 6 606 13 452 2 997   (2 997)
  Cash inflow/(outflow) from operating activities3 10 477 (3 968) 6 509 7 255   (7 255)
  Cash outflow from investing activities (2 464) (2 225) (4 689) (2 345)   2 345
  Cash outflow from financing activities (39) (39) (19)   19
  Capital expenditure 2 397 2 248 4 645 2 221   (2 221)
  Amortisation and depreciation 1 561 775 2 336 1 126   (1 126)
  EBITDA 22 255 2 138 24 393 12 154   (12 154)
  Additional information for ARM Ferrous at 100%
  Non-current assets
  Property, plant and equipment 29 029   (29 029)
  Investment in joint venture 778   (778)
  Other non-current assets 1 851   (1 851)
  Current assets
  Inventories 5 131   (5 131)
  Trade and other receivables 11 378   (11 378)
  Financial assets 102   (102)
  Cash and cash equivalents 8 198   (8 198)
  Taxation
  Non-current liabilities 8 199   (8 199)
  Other non-current liabilities
  Current liabilities
  Trade and other payables 3 511   (3 511)
  Short-term provisions 1 423   (1 423)
  Taxation 161   (161)
 

Refer note 2.3 and note 7 for more detail on the ARM Ferrous segment.

1 Includes consolidation and IFRS 11 Joint Arrangements adjustments.
2 Refer note 13 for more detail.
3 Dividend paid amounting to R4 billion included in cash flows from operating activities.

ARM CORPORATE AS PRESENTED IN THE TABLES ABOVE IS ANALYSED FURTHER INTO THE ARM CORPORATE AND OTHER, GOLD AND MACHADODORP

    31 December 2021     31 December 2020  
    Macha-
dodorp
Works
Rm
Corpo-  
rate  
and  
other1
Rm  
Gold
Rm
Total
ARM
Corpo-
rate
Rm
Macha-
dodorp
Works
Rm
Corpo-  
rate  
and  
other1
Rm  
Gold
Rm
Total
ARM
Corpo-
rate
Rm
2.10         (Unaudited)       (Reviewed)
  Sales 64 64 70 70
  Cost of sales (78) 25 (53) (90) 26 (64)
  Other operating income 2 441 443 5 829 834
  Other operating expenses (86) (737) (823) (51) (472) (523)
  Segment result (98) (271) (369) (66) 383 317
  Income from investments 220 20 240 150 150
  Finance cost (1) (13) (14) (1) (14) (15)
  Capital item 118 118
  Taxation 8 (212) (204) 7 (190) (183)
  (Loss)/profit after tax (91) (158) 20 (229) (60) 329 269
  Non-controlling interest (1) (1) (1) (1)
  Consolidation adjustment1 20 20 17 17
  Contribution to basic (losses)/earnings (91) (139) 20 (210) (60) 345 285
  Contribution to headline (losses)/earnings (91) (257) 20 (328) (60) 345   285
  Other information
  Segment assets 72 10 979 4 973 16 024 77 7 482 5 346 12 905
  Segment liabilities 290 1 143 1 433 519 1 126 1 645
  Cash inflow/(outflow) from operating activities 12 (3 390) 20 (3 358) 5 (1 634) (1 629)
  Cash (outflow)/inflow from investing activities (3) (109) (112) 855 855
  Cash (outflow)/inflow from financing activities (34) (34) 18 18
  Capital expenditure 3 1 4 1 1
  Amortisation and depreciation 1 4 5 3 3
  Impairment (reversal) gain/loss before tax (118) (118)
  EBITDA (97) (267)   (364) (66) 386   320
 
1 Relates to fees capitalised in ARM Ferrous and reversed on consolidation.
      30 June 2021  
    Macha-
dodorp
Works
Rm
Corpo-  
rate  
and  
other1
Rm  
Gold
Rm
Total
ARM
Corpo-
rate
Rm
2.10         (Audited)
  Sales 136 136
  Cost of sales (149) 56 (93)
  Other operating income 7 1 740 1 747
  Other operating expenses (130) (926) (1 056)
  Segment result (136) 870 734
  Income from investments 322 82 404
  Finance cost (22) (37) (59)
  Capital item (9) (9)
  Taxation 51 (450) (399)
  (Loss)/profit after tax (107) 696 82 671
  Non-controlling interest (2) (2)
  Consolidation adjustment1 43 43
  Contribution to basic (losses)/earnings (107) 737 82 712
  Contribution to headline (losses)/earnings (107) 746 82 721
  Other information
  Segment assets 151 10 572 3 940 14 663
  Segment liabilities 298 1 401 1 699
  Cash inflow/(outflow) from operating activities (4) (3 654) 82 (3 576)
  Cash (outflow)/inflow from investing activities (1) 918 917
  Cash (outflow)/inflow from financing activities (17) (17)
  Capital expenditure 1 9 10
  Amortisation and depreciation 8 8
  Impairment (reversal) gain/loss before tax 9 9
  EBITDA (136) 878   742
 
1 Relates to fees capitalised in ARM Ferrous and reversed on consolidation.

3    SALES AND REVENUE

  Unaudited
Six months
ended
31 December
2021
Rm
Reviewed
Six months
ended
31 December
2020
Rm
  Audited
Year
ended
30 June
2021
Rm
Sales 7 066 9 046   19 657
Made up as follows:        
Local sales 6 287 7 495   17 266
Export sales 779 1 551   2 391
Revenue 7 709 9 813   21 457
Fair value adjustments to revenue (998) 778   792
Revenue from contracts with customers 8 707 9 035   20 665
Sales – mining and related products 8 170 8 490   19 273
Penalty and treatment charges (106) (222)   (408)
Modikwa (1)   (2)
Nkomati (44)   (58)
Two Rivers (106) (177)   (348)
Fees received 643 767   1 800

4    IMPAIRMENT AND IMPAIRMENT REVERSAL

4.1 ARM Ferrous

Property, plant and equipment

Khumani Mine

A gross impairment loss was recognised in 1H F2022 on property, plant and equipment at Khumani of R88 million before tax. This relates to a capital project to fill an underground cavity. The impairment loss was accounted for due to management’s assessment of limited future economic benefits associated with the capital spend. ARM's attributable share of the impairment amounted to R44 million before tax of R12 million (refer note 13).

Tshenolo Iron Ore Mine

An attributable impairment loss was recognised in F2021 on property, plant and equipment for R26 million with no tax effect (refer note 13).

Cato Ridge Works

An impairment loss of R514 million before tax of R144 million was recognised in F2021 on property, plant and equipment. ARM’s attributable share of the impairment amounted to R257 million before tax of R72 million (refer note 13).

Investments

Cato Ridge Alloys

An impairment of R97 million with no tax effect was recognised in F2021 on Assmang’s equity-accounted investment in Cato Ridge Alloys. ARM’s attributable share of the impairment amounted to R48 million with no tax effect (refer note 13).

Sakura

An impairment loss of R337 million with no tax effect was recognised in 1H F2021 on Assmang’s equity-accounted investment, Sakura Ferroalloys Sdh Bhd. ARM’s attributable share of the impairment loss amounted to R169 million with no tax effect (refer note 13).

Details of the impairments were included in the financial results ended 30 June 2021, which can be found on www.arm.co.za.

4.2 ARM Coal

Investments

Participative Coal Business (PCB)

At 31 December 2021 previous impairment losses recognised against the investment in PCB was reversed by ARM, due to:

  • Increased export coal commodity prices.
  • A decline in PCB loan liabilities resulting from earlier than anticipated PCB loan repayments in 1H F2022.

A discounted cash flow valuation model was prepared to determine the net present value of the investment in PCB. The recoverable amount of ARM’s net investment in PCB amounted to R239 million.

The level 3 valuation recoverable amount of the investment in the PCB cash-generating unit was determined based on the fair value less cost of disposal calculation performed in terms of IFRS. ARM’s attributable share of the impairment reversal amounted to R239 million (nil tax impact).

  Tax
Rm
After tax
Rm
PCB 20.2%: reversal of impairment (refer note 6) 239
Total attributable to ARM 239

A pre-tax discount rate of 19.4% was used for the discounted cash flow valuation model together with the following commodity prices and exchange rates:

  F2023
Real
F2024
Real
Long-term
Real
R/US$ 14.93 14.82 14.90
US$/t 98 85 73

4.3 Venture Building Trust

An impairment loss was recognised in F2021 on property, plant and equipment for R9 million with no tax effect (refer note 13).

Details of the impairments were included in the financial results ended 30 June 2021, which can be found on www.arm.co.za.

5    LOANS AND LONG-TERM RECEIVABLES

  Unaudited
Six months
ended
31 December
2021
Rm
Reviewed
Six months
ended
31 December
2020
Rm
  Audited
Year
ended
30 June
2021
Rm
ARM Coal 41 52   40
Total 41 52   40

6    INVESTMENT IN ASSOCIATE

  Unaudited
Six months
ended
31 December
2021
Rm
Reviewed
Six months
ended
31 December
2020
Rm
  Audited
Year
ended
30 June
2021
Rm
Opening balance 534 795   795
Loss from associate per statement of profit or loss (87)   (260)
Profit/(loss) for the period 241 (112)   (296)
Re-measurement (loss)/gains on loans (241) 25   36
Movement in loans (534) (5)   (1)
Reversal of impairment on investment (refer note 4.2) 239  
Closing balance 239 703   534

7    INVESTMENT IN JOINT VENTURE

  Unaudited
Six months
ended
31 December
2021
Rm
Reviewed
Six months
ended
31 December
2020
Rm
  Audited
Year
ended
30 June
2021
Rm
This investment relates to ARM Ferrous and comprises Assmang as a joint venture which includes iron ore and manganese operations        
Opening balance 20 938 17 545   17 545
Net income for the period 2 387 2 784   7 498
Income for the period 2 407 2 801   7 541
Consolidation adjustments (20) (17)   (43)
Foreign currency translation reserve 78 (66)   (105)
Less: Dividends received for the period (3 500) (1 500)   (4 000)
Closing balance 19 903 18 763   20 938

Refer to notes 2.1; 2.2; 2.3; 2.7; 2.8 and 2.9 for further detail relating to the ARM Ferrous segment.

8    OTHER INVESTMENTS

  Unaudited
Six months
ended
31 December
2021
Rm
Reviewed
Six months
ended
31 December
2020
Rm
  Audited
Year
ended
30 June
2021
Rm
Harmony1 4 973 5 346   3 940
Opening balance 3 940 5 366   5 366
Fair value in other comprehensive income 1 033 (20)   (1 426)
Guardrisk2 10 27   36
Preference shares 1 1   1
Richards Bay Coal Terminal (RBCT)3 220 238   233
Closing balance 5 204 5 612   4 210
1 This is a level 1 valuation in terms of IFRS 13.
       
2 This is a level 2 valuation in terms of IFRS 13. Fair value based on the net asset value of the cell captive.
       
3 This is a level 3 valuation in terms of IFRS 13. The fair value of the RBCT investment was determined by calculating the present value of the future wharfage cost savings by being a shareholder in RBCT as opposed to the wharfage payable by non-shareholders. The fair value is most sensitive to wharfage cost. The current RBCT valuation is based on a wharfage cost differential of between US$41/tonne and US$47/tonne (1H F2021: R43/tonne) (F2021: between US$42/tonne and US$48/tonne). If increased by 10% this would result in a R22 million (1H F2021: R24 million) (F2021: R23 million) increase in the valuation on the RBCT investment. If decreased by 10% this would result in a R22 million (1H F2021: R24 million) (F2021: R23 million) decrease in the valuation on the RBCT investment. The valuation is calculated based on the duration of the RBCT lease agreement with Transnet SOC Limited to 31 December 2038, using a pre-tax discount rate of 19.4% (1H F2021: 19.4%) (F2021: 19.1%).
       
Opening balance 233 238   238
Fair value loss (13)   (5)
Closing balance 220 238   233

9    TRADE AND OTHER RECEIVABLES

The decrease in trade and other receivables is largely as a result of a decrease in revenue during the reporting period.

Trade and other receivables contain provisional pricing features linked to commodity prices and exchange rates, which have been designated to be measured at fair value through profit or loss because of the embedded derivative. This is a level 2 valuation in terms of IFRS.

Trade and other receivables include a contract asset from Assmang of R603 million (1H F2021: R577 million) (F2021: R1 156 million). The contract asset resulted from revised fee arrangements whereby fees received from Assmang only become payable following receipt by Assmang from the relevant customer.

10    FINANCIAL ASSETS

  Unaudited
Six months
ended
31 December
2021
Rm
Reviewed
Six months
ended
31 December
2020
Rm
  Audited
Year
ended
30 June
2021
Rm
INVESTMENTS IN FIXED DEPOSITS        
Current financial assets1        
– African Rainbow Minerals Limited 27  
– ARM Finance Company SA2 268 165   161
– Two Rivers 31 26   30
– Modikwa 382 105   203
– Nkomati 87 85   59
– Mannequin Captive Cell (Cell AVL 18) (refer note 21) 55 36   61
– Other 15   9
  823 459   523
Non-current financial assets1        
– ARM Coal 48 43   46
– Modikwa 1 1   1
– Venture Building Trust   1
– Mannequin Captive Cell (Cell AVL 18) (refer note 21) 184 178   145
  233 222   193
Total 1 056 681   716
1 Cash and cash equivalents were invested in fixed deposits with maturities longer than three months to achieve better returns. When these investments mature, to the extent that amounts are not re-invested in new investments with maturities of longer than three months, they will again form part of cash and cash equivalents. The carrying amounts of the financial assets shown above approximate their fair value.
2 During 1H F2022 ARM Finance Company SA invested R252 million in fixed deposits with maturities longer than three months. The amount was translated at the 31 December 2021 closing exchange rate resulting in a foreign currency translation gain of R16 million.

The following guarantees issued are included in financial assets:

  • Guarantees issued by Two Rivers to DMRE, Eskom and BP Oil amounting to R31 million (1H F2021: R26 million) (F2021: R30 million).
  • Guarantees issued by Modikwa to DMRE and Eskom amounting to R146 million (1H F2021: R105 million) (F2021: R164 million).
  • Guarantees issued by Nkomati to DMRE and Eskom amounting to R87 million (1H F2021: R85 million) (F2021: R59 million).

Other financial assets include trust funds of Rnil (1H F2021: R15 million) (F2021: R9 million).

11    CASH AND CASH EQUIVALENTS

  Unaudited
Six months
ended
31 December
2021
Rm
Reviewed
Six months
ended
31 December
2020
Rm
  Audited
Year
ended
30 June
2021
Rm
Total cash at bank and on deposit 11 180 6 083   8 865
– African Rainbow Minerals Limited 8 603 5 383   7 739
– ARM BBEE Trust 6 4   4
– ARM Coal 1 7   4
– ARM Finance Company SA 2 83   81
– ARM Platinum Proprietary Limited 827 491   538
– ARM Treasury Investments Proprietary Limited 42 41   42
– Nkomati 79 12   106
– Two Rivers Platinum Proprietary Limited 1 597 38   329
– Other cash at bank and deposit 23 24   22
Total cash set aside for specific use 902 732   806
– Mannequin Cell Captive1 750 672   681
– Rehabilitation trust funds1 64 47   44
– Other cash set aside for specific use1 88 13   81
Total as per statement of financial position 12 082 6 815   9 671
Less: Overdrafts (refer note 12) (16) (330)   (16)
Total as per statement of cash flows 12 066 6 485   9 655

Cash at bank and on deposit earns interest at floating rates based on daily bank deposit rates.

1 Cash set aside for specific use in respect of the group includes:
  • Mannequin Captive Cell is used as part of the group insurance programme. The cash held in the cell is invested in highly liquid investments and is used to settle claims as and when they arise as part of the risk finance retention strategy
  • The trust funds of R15 million (1H F2021: R2 million) (F2021: R6 million).
  • African Rainbow Minerals Limited of R35 million (1H F2021: Rnil) (F2021: R35 million).
  • Guarantees issued by ARM Coal to DMRE amounting to R45 million (1H F2021: R43 million) (F2021: R44 million).
  • Guarantees issued by Two Rivers to DMRE, Eskom and BP Oil amounting to Rnil (1H F2021: R4 million) (F2021: Rnil).
  • Guarantees issued by Nkomati to DMRE and Eskom amounting to R38 million (1H F2021: R11 million) (F2021: R40 million).
  • Guarantees issued by Modikwa to DMRE and Eskom amounting to R19 million (1H F2021: Rnil) (F2021: Rnil).

12    BORROWINGS

  Unaudited
Six months
ended
31 December
2021
Rm
Reviewed
Six months
ended
31 December
2020
Rm
  Audited
Year
ended
30 June
2021
Rm
Long-term borrowings are held as follows:        
– ARM BBEE Trust 185 302   217
– ARM Coal Proprietary Limited 437 1 070   707
– African Rainbow Minerals Limited (lease liability) 2  
– Anglo Platinum Limited (lease liability) 13 33   29
– Two Rivers Platinum Proprietary Limited (lease liability) 160 144   152
  795 1 551   1 105
Short-term borrowings are held as follows:        
– Anglo Platinum Limited (partner loan) 8  
– Anglo Platinum Limited (lease liability) 31 20   30
– ARM Coal Proprietary Limited (partner loans) 181   307
– ARM Coal Proprietary Limited (lease liability) 2   1
– African Rainbow Minerals Limited (lease liability) 3 4   4
– Two Rivers Platinum Proprietary Limited (lease liability) 88   6
  215 122   348
Overdrafts are held as follows:        
– Two Rivers Platinum Proprietary Limited 313
 
– Other 16 17   16
  16 330   16
Total borrowings 1 026 2 003   1 469
Overdrafts and short-term borrowings        
– interest bearing 50 452   57
– non-interest bearing 181   307
The carrying amounts of the financial liabilities shown above approximate their fair value.        

13    CAPITAL ITEMS

  Unaudited
Six months
ended
31 December
2021
Rm
Reviewed
Six months
ended
31 December
2020
Rm
  Audited
Year
ended
30 June
2021
Rm
Impairment loss on property, plant and equipment – Venture Building Trust   (9)
Loss on sale of property, plant and equipment and intangible assets – ARM Coal (1)  
Impairment reversal on investment in 20.2% PCB – ARM Coal1 239  
Capital items per statement of profit or loss before taxation effect 238   (9)
Impairment loss on investment in Sakura accounted for directly in joint venture – Assmang (169)   (169)
Impairment loss on property, plant and equipment accounted for directly in joint venture – Assmang (44)   (283)
Impairment loss on investment in Cato Ridge accounted for directly in joint venture – Assmang   (48)
Loss on sale of property, plant and equipment accounted for directly in joint venture – Assmang (13) (2)   (2)
Capital items before taxation effect
181 (171)   (511)
Taxation accounted for in joint venture – impairment loss of property, plant and equipment and intangible assets – Assmang 12   72
Taxation accounted for in joint venture – loss on sale of property, plant and equipment – Assmang 4   1
Total amount adjusted for headline earnings 197 (171)   (438)
1 Impairment reversal through ARM’s 51% investment in ARM Coal of R121 million and ARM’s 10% direct investment of R118 million.

14    EARNINGS PER SHARE

  Unaudited
Six months
ended
31 December
2021
Rm
Reviewed
Six months
ended
31 December
2020
Rm
  Audited
Year
ended
30 June
2021
Rm
Headline earnings (R million) 3 696 5 039   13 064
Headline earnings per share (cents) 1 887 2 587   6 688
Basic earnings per share (cents) 1 988 2 499   6 464
Diluted headline earnings per share (cents) 1 868 2 560   6 621
Diluted basic earnings per share (cents) 1 968 2 474   6 399
Number of shares in issue at end of the period (thousands) 224 459 224 410   224 453
Weighted average number of shares (thousands) 195 840 194 810   195 333
Weighted average number of shares used in calculating diluted earnings per share (thousands) 197 815 196 817   197 314
Net asset value per share (cents) 18 332 15 800   17 908
EBITDA (R million) 3 337 5 089   12 227
Interim dividend declared (cents per share) 1 200 1 000   1 000
Dividend declared after period end (cents per share)   2 000
Reconciliation to headline earnings        
Basic earnings attributable to equity holders of ARM 3 893 4 868   12 626
Impairment loss on property, plant and equipment        
– Venture Building Trust   9
– Impairment loss of property, plant and equipment in joint venture – Assmang 44   283
– Impairment loss on investment in Sakura in joint venture – Assmang 169   169
– Impairment loss on investment in Cato Ridge accounted for directly in joint venture – Assmang   48
– Loss on sale of property, plant and equipment and intangible assets – ARM Coal 1  
– Impairment reversal on investment in 20.2% PCB – ARM Coal1 (239)  
Loss on sale of property, plant and equipment in joint venture – Assmang 13 2   2
  3 712 5 039   13 137
Taxation accounted for in joint venture – impairment loss at Assmang (12)   (72)
Taxation accounted for in joint venture – loss on disposal of fixed assets at Assmang (4)   (1)
Headline earnings 3 696 5 039   13 064
1 Impairment reversal through ARM’s 51% investment in ARM Coal of R121 million and ARM’s 10% direct investment of R118 million.

15    RE-MEASUREMENT AND FAIR VALUE GAINS AND LOSSES

  Unaudited
Six months
ended
31 December
2021
Rm
Reviewed
Six months
ended
31 December
2020
Rm
  Audited
Year
ended
30 June
2021
Rm
ARM Coal        
Included in other operating income/(expenses) and profit from associate are re-measurements with no tax effect relating to the GGV and PCB loans. The gain and loss is as a result of a re-measurement of debt between ARM and Glencore Operations South Africa Proprietary Limited (GOSA) and ARM Coal Proprietary Limited.        
The re-measurement adjustments are as follows:        
Other operating income gain/expenses (loss)        
– ARM Coal segment 259 (23)   206
Other operating expenses (loss) – ARM Corporate (365) (3)   (153)
Re-measurement (loss)/gain in other operating (expenses)/income (106) (26)   53
Income from associate (re-measurement (loss)/gain) – (refer note 6) (241) 25   36
Net ARM Coal re-measurement (loss)/gain (347) (1)   89

The re-measurements are as a result of changes in the future repayment cash flows applied to the net present value calculations. The discount rate used in the calculation of the re-measurement is 10%. A US$1 increase in commodity prices would increase the re-measurement loss by R8 million (1H F2021: R68 million) (F2021: R17 million).

A US$1 decrease in commodity prices would decrease the re-measurement loss by R13 million (1H F2021: R66 million) (F2021: R17 million).

  Unaudited
Six months
ended
31 December
2021
Rm
Reviewed
Six months
ended
31 December
2020
Rm
  Audited
Year
ended
30 June
2021
Rm
Modikwa        
There was no re-measurement in Modikwa for 1H F2022 (1H F2021: R129 million loss) (F2021: R143 million loss) is partially eliminated against a re-measurement gain in ARM Company of Rnil (1H F2021: R123 million) (F2021: R137 million).        
The re-measurement adjustments are as follows:        
Other operating expense (loss) – ARM platinum segment (107)   (119)
Re-measurement loss (129)   (143)
Non-controlling interest 22   24
Other operating income gain – ARM Corporate 123   137
Net Modikwa re-measurement gain 16   18
ARM BBEE Trust (loan from Harmony)        
The re-measurements are as a result of changes in the future repayment cash flows applied to the net present value calculations.        
F2021 includes a fair value gain of R47 million as a result of the new loans advanced to the ARM BBEE Trust by Harmony. The fair value at initial recognition is as a result of the difference in the stipulated interest rate the lender may charge in the future in the new loan agreement and the interest rate the ARM BBEE Trust would have to pay if the loan was advanced in an open market. The discount rate used in the calculation of the fair value is 9.04%.        
Other operating income increase (re-measurement gain on loan) – ARM Corporate segment 1  
Net ARM BBEE Trust re-measurement gain 1  
The fair value gains are as follows:        
Other operating income increase (fair value gain on loan) – ARM Corporate segment   47
Net ARM BBEE Trust fair value gain   47
The carrying amounts of the financial liabilities approximate their fair value.

16    OTHER OPERATING INCOME

  Unaudited
Six months
ended
31 December
2021
Rm
Reviewed
Six months
ended
31 December
2020
Rm
  Audited
Year
ended
30 June
2021
Rm
Management fees 643 779   1 800
Insurance income 55 42   92
Foreign exchange gains 1 2   1
Royalties received 69 35   173
Loan fair value gain (refer note 15)   47
Re-measurement gains (refer note 15) 1   53
Other 101 113   212
Total 870 971   2 378

17    LOSS FROM ASSOCIATE

  Unaudited
Six months
ended
31 December
2021
Rm
Reviewed
Six months
ended
31 December
2020
Rm
  Audited
Year
ended
30 June
2021
Rm
Profit/(loss) (before re-measurement/fair value on loans)   241   (112)     (296)
Re-measurement (refer note 15) (241) 25   36
Total (87)   (260)

18    TAXATION

  Unaudited
Six months
ended
31 December
2021
Rm
Reviewed
Six months
ended
31 December
2020
Rm
  Audited
Year
ended
30 June
2021
Rm
South African normal tax – current year 1 073 919   2 411
  – mining
883 741   1 880
  – non-mining
190 178   531
  – prior year
  (6)
Deferred tax – current year 1 446   928
Total taxation 1 074 1 365   3 333

19    CASH GENERATED FROM OPERATIONS

  Unaudited
Six months
ended
31 December
2021
Rm
Reviewed
Six months
ended
31 December
2020
Rm
  Audited
Year
ended
30 June
2021
Rm
Cash generated from operations before working capital movement 3 789 5 613   13 107
Working capital inflow/(outflow) 1 036 (3 587)   (5 305)
Movement in inventories inflow/(outflow) 47 (17)   54
Movement in payables and provisions outflow (479) (420)   (729)
Movement in receivables inflow/(outflow) 1 468 (3 150)   (4 630)
Cash generated from operations (per statement of cash flows) 4 825 2 026   7 802

20    RELATED PARTIES

The group in the ordinary course of business enters into various sale, purchase, service and lease transactions with subsidiaries, associated companies, joint ventures and joint operations.

Transactions between the company, its subsidiaries and joint operations relate to fees, insurances, dividends, rentals and interest and are regarded as intra-group transactions and eliminated on consolidation.

  Unaudited
Six months
ended
31 December
2021
Rm
Reviewed
Six months
ended
31 December
2020
Rm
  Audited
Year
ended
30 June
2021
Rm
Amounts accounted in the statement of profit or loss relating to transactions with related parties.        
Subsidiaries        
Impala Platinum – sales 3 969 5 341   11 992
Joint operations        
Rustenburg Platinum Mines – sales1 2 160 1 957   4 924
Glencore International AG – sales 797 387   884
Norilsk Nickel – sales 1 165   1 507
Norilsk Nickel – management fees 17   13
Glencore Operations SA – management fees 72 65   68
Joint venture        
Assmang Proprietary Limited        
– Management services 638 744   1 770
– Dividends received 3 500 1 500   4 000
Amounts outstanding at year end (owing to)/receivable by ARM on current account Joint venture        
Assmang – trade and other receivables 603 577   1 156
Joint operations        
Rustenburg Platinum Mines – trade and other receivables1 1 505 1 267   1 755
Norilsk Nickel – trade and other payables (2) (2)  
Norilsk Nickel – trade and other receivables 218   67
Rustenburg Platinum Mines – short-term borrowings1 (8)  
Glencore Operations SA – long-term borrowings (437) (1 070)   (707)
Glencore Operations SA – short-term borrowings (181)   (307)
Glencore Operations SA – trade and other receivables 532 257   218
Glencore International AG – trade and other receivables 142 72   120
Teal Minerals (Barbados) 9 6   8
Subsidiary        
Impala Platinum – trade and other receivables 3 258 3 639   4 324
Impala Platinum – dividend paid 391 368   1 219
1 These transactions and balances for joint operations do not meet the definition of a related party as per IAS 24 but have been included to provide additional information.

21    PROVISIONS

  Unaudited
Six months
ended
31 December
2021
Rm
Reviewed
Six months
ended
31 December
2020
Rm
  Audited
Year
ended
30 June
2021
Rm
SILICOSIS AND TUBERCULOSIS CLASS ACTION PROVISION        
Long-term provisions        
The provision movement is as follows:        
Opening balance 146 189   189
Settlement payments (24)  
Interest unwinding 6 9   16
Demographic assumptions changes   (3)
Transfer from/(to) short-term provisions 30 4   (56)
Closing balance 182 178   146
Short-term provisions        
The provision movement is as follows:        
Opening balance 60 51   51
Settlement payments (28)   (47)
Transfer (to)/from long-term provisions (30) (4)   56
Closing balance 2 47   60
Total silicosis and tuberculosis class action provision 184 225   206

ARM has a contingency policy in this regard which covers environmental site liability and silicosis liability with Guardrisk Insurance Company Limited (Guardrisk). In turn, Guardrisk has reinsured the specified risks with Mannequin Insurance PCC Limited – Cell AVL 18, Guernsey which cell captive is held by ARM.

Following the High Court judgment previously reported, the Tshiamiso Trust was registered in November 2019. As part of the settlement a guarantee of R304 million was issued by Guardrisk on behalf of ARM in favour of the Tshiamiso Trust on 13 December 2019.

Details of the provision were discussed in the 30 June 2021 financial results, which can be found on www.arm.co.za.

22    COMMITMENTS

  Unaudited
Six months
ended
31 December
2021
Rm
Reviewed
Six months
ended
31 December
2020
Rm
  Audited
Year
ended
30 June
2021
Rm
Commitments in respect of future capital expenditure which will be funded from operating cash flows and by utilising debt facilities at entity and corporate levels, are summarised below:        
Approved by directors        
– contracted for 998 647   677
– not contracted for 203 44   126
Total commitments 1 201 691   803

23    CONTINGENT LIABILITIES

NKOMATI

The Nkomati mine closure may have a potential exposure regarding rehabilitation and management of water post-closure. There are uncertainties regarding the ongoing assessment of long-term water management measures and anticipated amendments to the existing water use licence (WUL). Technical studies towards providing an integrated water management plan are underway. The results of the studies will be used as input towards a risk assessment that is required to apply for an amended WUL, such as applying for authorised water discharges. The WUL conditions are not yet known and the subsequent potential water resource impact liability as part of the mine rehabilitation and closure process is uncertain. The obligation will be recognised when it is probable and can be reliably estimated.

The environmental rehabilitation provision at 31 December 2021 is the best independent estimate and is based on the most reliable information currently available. It will be re-assessed on an ongoing basis as engineering designs evolve and new information becomes available, as well as when approvals of a revised environmental management plan and water use licence are secured.

ARM COAL

The South African Revenue Services (SARS) disallowed Glencore Operations South Africa (Pty) Ltd (GOSA) diesel rebates on the basis that the diesel was not considered to be used in the primary production activities in the mining process. GOSA lost the SARS internal appeal process and took the matter to the High Court. The matter was heard in the High Court, which ruled in favour of GOSA. SARS however appealed the ruling through the Supreme Court of Appeal (SCA). The dispute was heard on 27 May 2021 and judgment was handed down on 10 August 2021 where the SCA ruled in favour of SARS.

At 30 June 2021, this matter was disclosed as a contingent liability. During the current reporting period, the calculated shortfall of R8 million has been paid to SARS.

There have been no other significant changes in the contingent liabilities of the group as disclosed since 30 June 2021 annual financial statements.

For a detailed disclosure on contingent liabilities refer to ARM's annual financial statements for the year ended 30 June 2021 available on the group's website www.arm.co.za.

24    EVENTS AFTER REPORTING DATE

CHANGE IN TAX RATE

During the 2022 budget speech held on 23 February 2022, it was announced that the corporate income tax rate will be reduced from 28% to 27% for companies with years of assessment ending on or after 31 March 2023. This change will affect recorded deferred tax assets and liabilities and effective tax rate in the future. The new corporate tax rate of 27% is considered to be substantively enacted since 23 February 2022. This is considered a non-adjusting subsequent event.

ASSMANG

Since the period end ARM received a dividend of R2 000 million from Assmang.

BOKONI PLATINUM MINES PROPRIETARY LIMITED

On 20 December 2021, ARM entered into a sale and purchase agreement which provides for a wholly owned subsidiary of ARM to acquire all of the shares of Bokoni Platinum Mines Proprietary Limited (BPM) from Bokoni Platinum Holdings Proprietary Limited, in turn owned by Rustenburg Platinum Mines Limited (RPM) a wholly owned subsidiary of Anglo American Platinum Limited (AAPL) and Plateau Resources Proprietary Limited (Plateau) a wholly owned subsidiary of Atlatsa Resources Corporation (Atlatsa) for a consideration of R3.5 billion payable in cash. Since entering into the sale and purchase agreement, the process to fulfil the conditions precedent, required for completion of the transaction, is ongoing.

No other significant events have occurred subsequent to the reporting date that could materially affect the reported results.


Financial statements

INTERIM RESULTS
for the six months ended 31 December 2021


Financial Statements

Condensed group interim statement of financial position

  Notes Unaudited
Six months
ended
31 December
2021
Rm
Reviewed
Six months
ended
31 December
2020
Rm
Audited
Year
ended
30 June
2021
Rm
ASSETS        
Non-current assets        
Property, plant and equipment 4 8 679 7 678 8 244
Investment properties   24 24 24
Intangible assets   69 78 76
Deferred tax assets   174 274
Loans and long-term receivables 5 41 52 40
Non-current financial assets 10 233 222 193
Investment in associate 6 239 703 534
Investment in joint venture 7 19 903 18 763 20 938
Other investments 8 5 204 5 612 4 210
    34 566 33 132 34 533
Current assets        
Inventories   423 624 467
Trade and other receivables 9 6 272 6 366 7 825
Taxation   17 112 70
Financial assets 10 823 459 523
Cash and cash equivalents 11 12 082 6 815 9 671
    19 617 14 376 18 556
Total assets   54 183 47 508 53 089
EQUITY AND LIABILITIES        
Capital and reserves        
Ordinary share capital   11 11 11
Share premium   5 213 5 202 5 212
Treasury shares   (2 405) (2 405) (2 405)
Other reserves   3 892 3 987 2 915
Retained earnings   34 437 28 661 34 461
Equity attributable to equity holders of ARM   41 148 35 456 40 194
Non-controlling interest   3 819 2 844 3 582
Total equity   44 967 38 300 43 776
Non-current liabilities        
Long-term borrowings 12 795 1 551 1 105
Deferred tax liabilities   3 100 2 527 2 968
Long-term provisions   1 934 2 007 1 883

  5 829 6 085 5 956
Current liabilities        
Trade and other payables   2 132 1 928 1 940
Short-term provisions   490 541 898
Taxation   534 202 155
Overdrafts and short-term borrowings 12      
– interest bearing   50 452 57
– non-interest bearing   181 307

  3 387 3 123 3 357
Total equity and liabilities   54 183 47 508 53 089

Condensed group interim statement of profit or loss

  Notes Unaudited
Six months
ended
31 December
2021
Rm
Reviewed
Six months
ended
31 December
2020
Rm
Audited
Year
ended
30 June
2021
Rm
Revenue 3 7 709 9 813 21 457
Sales 3 7 066 9 046 19 657
Cost of sales   (3 670) (4 104) (7 900)
Gross profit   3 396 4 942 11 757
Other operating income 16 870 971 2 378
Other operating expenses   (1 361) (1 245) (2 717)
Profit from operations   2 905 4 668 11 418
Income from investments   307 183 487
Finance costs   (130) (131) (329)
Loss from associate 17 (87) (260)
Income from joint venture 7 2 387 2 784 7 498
Profit before taxation and capital items   5 469 7 417 18 814
Capital items 13 238 (9)
Profit before taxation   5 707 7 417 18 805
Taxation 18 (1 074) (1 365) (3 333)
Profit for the period   4 633 6 052 15 472
Attributable to:        
   Equity holders of ARM        
   Profit for the period   3 893 4 868 12 626
Basic earnings for the period   3 893 4 868 12 626
   Non-controlling interest        
   Profit for the period   740 1 184 2 846
    740 1 184 2 846
Profit for the period   4 633 6 052 15 472
Earnings per share        
Basic earnings per share (cents) 14 1 988 2 499 6 464
Diluted basic earnings per share (cents) 14 1 968 2 474 6 399

Condensed group interim statement of comprehensive income

    Financial
instruments
at fair value
through
other
compre-
hensive
income
Rm
Other
Rm
Retained
earnings
Rm
Total
share
holders
of ARM
Rm
Non-
controlling
interest
Rm
Total
Rm
 
Six months ended 31 December 2021 (Unaudited)                
Profit for the period   3 893 3 893 740 4 633  
Total other comprehensive income   802 110 912 912  
Other comprehensive income that will not be reclassified to the statement of profit or loss in subsequent periods                
Net impact of revaluation of listed investment   802 802 802  
Revaluation of listed investment1   1 033 1 033 1 033  
Deferred tax on above   (231) (231) (231)  
Other comprehensive income that may be reclassified to the statement of profit or loss in subsequent periods                
Foreign currency translation reserve movement   110 110 110  
Total comprehensive income for the period   802 110 3 893 4 805 740 5 545  
Six months ended 31 December 2020 (Reviewed)                
Profit for the period   4 868 4 868 1 184 6 052  
Total other comprehensive loss   (16) (116) (132) (132)  
Other comprehensive income that will not be reclassified to the statement of profit or loss in subsequent periods                
Net impact of revaluation of listed investment   (16) (16) (16)  
Revaluation of listed investment1   (20) (20) (20)  
Deferred tax on above   4 4 4  
Other comprehensive income that may be reclassified to the statement of profit or loss in subsequent periods                
Foreign currency translation reserve movement   (116) (116) (116)  
Total comprehensive (loss)/income for the period   (16) (116) 4 868 4 736 1 184 5 920  
Year ended 30 June 2021 (Audited)                
Profit for the year   12 626 12 626 2 846 15 472  
Total other comprehensive loss   (1 107) (161) (1 268) (1 268)  
Other comprehensive income that will not be reclassified to the statement of profit or loss in subsequent periods                
Net impact of revaluation of listed investment   (1 107) (1 107) (1 107)  
Revaluation of listed investment1   (1 426) (1 426) (1 426)  
Deferred tax on above   319 319 319  
Other comprehensive income that may be reclassified to the statement of profit or loss in subsequent periods                
Foreign currency translation reserve movement   (161) (161) (161)  
Total comprehensive (loss)/income for the year   (1 107) (161) 12 626 11 358 2 846 14 204  
1 The share price of Harmony Limited at 31 December 2021 was R66.60, R52.76 at 30 June 2021 and R71.60 at 31 December 2020 per share.
  The valuation of the investment in Harmony is based on a level 1 fair value hierarchy level in terms of IFRS. ARM shareholding at 31 December 2021 was 12.11% (31 December 2020: 12.12%, 30 June 2021: 12.12%).

Condensed group interim statement of changes in equity

      Other reserves
  Share
capital
and
premium
Rm
Treasury
share
capital
Rm
Financial
instruments
at fair value
through
other
comprehensive
income
Rm
Share-
based
payments
Rm
Other
Rm
Six months ended          
31 December 2021 (Unaudited)          
Balance at 30 June 2021 5 223 (2 405) 2 237 700 (22)
Total comprehensive income for the period 802 110
Profit for the period
Other comprehensive income 802 110
Share options exercised 1
Dividend paid
Dividend declared to non-controlling interests
Share-based payment expense 65
Balance at 31 December 2021 5 224 (2 405) 3 039 765 88
Six months ended          
31 December 2020 (Reviewed)          
Balance at 30 June 2020 4 961 (2 405) 3 344 884 139
Total comprehensive (loss)/income for the period (16) (116)
Profit for the period
Other comprehensive loss (16) (116)
Bonus and performance shares issued to employees 213 (325)
Share options exercised 39
Dividend paid
Dividend declared to non-controlling interests
Share-based payment expense 77
Balance at 31 December 2020 5 213 (2 405) 3 328 636 23
Year ended 30 June 2021 (Audited)          
Balance at 30 June 2020 4 961 (2 405) 3 344 884 139
Total comprehensive (loss)/income for the year (1 107) (161)
Profit for the year 30 June 2021
Other comprehensive loss (1 107) (161)
Bonus and performance shares issued to employees 262 (332)
Dividend paid
Dividend declared to non-controlling interests
Share-based payment expense 148
Balance at 30 June 2021 5 223 (2 405) 2 237 700 (22)
  Retained
earnings
Rm
Total
shareholders
of ARM
Rm
Non-
controlling
interest
Rm
Total
Rm
Six months ended        
31 December 2021 (Unaudited)        
Balance at 30 June 2021 34 461 40 194 3 582 43 776
Total comprehensive income for the period 3 893 4 805 740 5 545
Profit for the period 3 893 3 893 740 4 633
Other comprehensive income 912 912
Share options exercised 1 1
Dividend paid (3 917) (3 917) (3 917)
Dividend declared to non-controlling interests (503) (503)
Share-based payment expense 65 65
Balance at 31 December 2021 34 437 41 148 3 819 44 967
Six months ended        
31 December 2020 (Reviewed)        
Balance at 30 June 2020 25 157 32 080 2 028 34 108
Total comprehensive (loss)/income for the period 4 868 4 736 1 184 5 920
Profit for the period 4 868 4 868 1 184 6 052
Other comprehensive loss (132) (132)
Bonus and performance shares issued to employees (112) (112)
Share options exercised 39 39
Dividend paid (1 364) (1 364) (1 364)
Dividend declared to non-controlling interests (368) (368)
Share-based payment expense 77 77
Balance at 31 December 2020 28 661 35 456 2 844 38 300
Year ended 30 June 2021 (Audited)        
Balance at 30 June 2020 25 157 32 080 2 028 34 108
Total comprehensive (loss)/income for the year 12 626 11 358 2 846 14 204
Profit for the year 30 June 2021 12 626 12 626 2 846 15 472
Other comprehensive loss (1 268) (1 268)
Bonus and performance shares issued to employees (70) (70)
Dividend paid (3 322) (3 322) (3 322)
Dividend declared to non-controlling interests (1 292) (1 292)
Share-based payment expense 148 148
Balance at 30 June 2021 34 461 40 194 3 582 43 776

Condensed group interim statement of cash flows

  Notes Unaudited
Six months
ended
31 December
2021
Rm
Reviewed
Six months
ended
31 December
2020
Rm
Audited
Year
ended
30 June
2021
Rm
CASH FLOW FROM OPERATING ACTIVITIES        
Cash receipts from customers   9 413 6 984 17 189
Cash paid to suppliers and employees   (4 588) (4 958) (9 387)
Cash generated from operations 19 4 825 2 026 7 802
Interest received   267 160 358
Interest paid   (24) (25) (45)
Taxation paid   (643) (800) (2 291)
    4 425 1 361 5 824
Dividends received from joint venture 7 3 500 1 500 4 000
Dividend received from investments – Harmony   20 82
    7 945 2 861 9 906
Dividends paid to non-controlling interest – Impala Platinum   (391) (368) (1 219)
Dividends paid – equity holders of ARM   (3 917) (1 364) (3 322)
Net cash inflow from operating activities   3 637 1 129 5 365
CASH FLOW FROM INVESTING ACTIVITIES        
Additions to property, plant and equipment to maintain operations   (485) (551) (1 224)
Additions to property, plant and equipment to expand operations   (368) (292) (433)
Proceeds on disposal of property, plant and equipment   3
Investment in financial assets   (555) (216) (308)
Proceeds from financial assets matured   241 1 072 1 124
Net cash (outflow)/inflow from investing activities   (1 167) 13 (838)
CASH FLOW FROM FINANCING ACTIVITIES        
Proceeds from exercise of share options   1 39 44
Long-term borrowings raised   2 264
Long-term borrowings repaid   (63) (80) (461)
Short-term borrowings repaid   (5) (97) (187)
Net cash outflow from financing activities   (65) (138) (340)
Net increase in cash and cash equivalents   2 405 1 004 4 187
Cash and cash equivalents at beginning of period   9 655 5 512 5 512
Foreign currency translation on cash balances   6 (31) (44)
Cash and cash equivalents at end of period 11 12 066 6 485 9 655
Made up as follows:        
– Available   11 164 5 753 8 849
– Cash set aside for specific use   902 732 806
    12 066 6 485 9 655
Overdrafts 12 16 330 16
Cash and cash equivalents per the statement of financial position   12 082 6 815 9 671
Cash generated from operations per share (cents)   2 464 1 040 3 994

Commentary

INTERIM RESULTS
for the six months ended 31 December 2021


COMMENTARY

Operating safely and sustainably

Safety and health

Our operations delivered improved safety performances despite the challenges presented by Covid-19. The group lost-time injury frequency rate (LTIFR) per 200 000 man-hours improved to 0.36 (1H F2021: 0.40), while the total recordable injury frequency rate (TRIFR)* improved to 0.67 (1H F2021: 0.82).

* TRIFR includes the number of fatal injuries, number of lost time injuries and number of medical cases.

At 31 December 2021, Black Rock Mine had achieved 9.9 million fatality-free shifts, and on 14 February 2022, the mine reached a milestone of 10 million fatality-free shifts. The last fatality at Black Rock Mine was in April 2009.

Regrettably, one of our colleagues was fatally injured in a fall-of-ground incident at the Two Rivers Mine North Decline on 1 September 2021. We extend our heartfelt condolences to the family of Mr Jacob Puleng Leshaba, his friends and his colleagues.

We remain committed to zero harm and continue to work with all our employees to identify and minimise the occurrence of fatal hazards.

We continued to proactively prevent the spread of Covid-19 through strict health and safety measures. 6 033 Covid-19 tests were conducted in 1H F2022 of which 1 441 resulted in positive cases. Sadly, we lost nine of our colleagues to Covid-19 in the period under review. We extend our condolences to the families, friends and colleagues of the employees who lost their lives to Covid-19. This brings to 44 the number of colleagues we have lost to Covid-19 since the onset of the pandemic.

It is encouraging to see that despite a spike in positive Covid-19 cases resulting from the Omicron variant, there has been a significant improvement in recovery rates and a marked reduction in the number of active Covid-19 cases. As at 30 January 2022 there were 27 active cases in the group, representing a 99% recovery rate.

We are supporting the national government vaccine roll-out programme with five of our operations having been identified as vaccination sites. These sites are vaccinating our employees and contractors as well as members of the communities neighbouring our mines. At 31 December 2021, 68% of our total workforce was fully vaccinated. Initiatives to promote vaccination are underway and include:

  • On-site vaccination stations to make vaccinations easily accessible
  • Extension of clinic working hours to allow more time for employees to vaccinate
  • Participating in the Vooma Vaccination Week (mass vaccination) campaign launched by the National Department of Health (DoH) in partnership with the Minerals Council South Africa, and
  • Ongoing vaccination awareness campaigns.

Environmental management

Key matters relating to our environmental impact in the period under review included the management of our tailing storage facilities (TSFs) and continuing efforts to reduce carbon emissions.

The Global Industry Standard on Tailings Management (GISTM) which was launched on 5 August 2020, has the goal of zero harm to people and the environment and sets a global benchmark for achieving strong social, environmental and technical outcomes for the management of TSFs. As a member of the International Council on Mining and Metals (ICMM) we have committed that all the TSFs at our managed operations (except for Beeshoek Mine) will comply with GISTM by August 2023. The Beeshoek Mine TSF, due to its low consequence classification, is required to comply by August 2025.

In May 2021, ICMM published Conformance Protocols for GISTM to support implementation and assess conformance with all applicable requirements. We are using GISTM Conformance Protocols in the implementation of GISTM requirements and have conducted a gap analysis at all operations based on the GISTM Conformance Protocols.

The operations are in the process of addressing identified gaps to ensure compliance by the set deadlines.

In terms of reducing our carbon emissions and increasing renewable energy usage, at ARM Ferrous a project to construct 44 megawatt (MW) solar plants with battery storage at Khumani Mine and Black Rock Mine operations is at feasibility stage (including Environmental Impact Assessment) and is expected to be completed in March 2023. If successful, construction is planned to commence in F2024 depending on the environmental authorisation application process. At Beeshoek Mine, a feasibility study to construct a 10MW solar plant is planned to commence this calendar year. In November 2021, a service provider was appointed, and a memorandum of understanding was signed to complete a feasibility study for the generating and wheeling of approximately 100MW solar power to some of the ARM Platinum operations.

Financial performance

Headline earnings

Headline earnings for the six months ended 31 December 2021 decreased by 27% to R3 696 million (or R18.87 per share) compared to the corresponding period headline earnings of R5 039 million (or R25.87 per share).

The average realised rand strengthened by 8% versus the US dollar to R15.02/US$ in 1H F2022 compared to R16.26/US$ in 1H F2021. For reporting purposes, the closing exchange rate at 31 December 2021 was R15.98/US$ (31 December 2020: R14.65/US$).

ARM Ferrous headline earnings were 18% lower at R2 428 million (1H F2021: R2 955 million) driven by a 33% decrease in headline earnings in the iron ore division which was partially offset by a 308% increase in headline earnings in the manganese division.

The iron ore division was negatively impacted by lower average realised US dollar prices, lower export sales volumes, higher freight rates and a stronger rand versus US dollar exchange rate. In addition, iron ore headline earnings included a R479 million (pre-tax) (attributable basis) realised negative fair value adjustment on iron ore sales and a R133 million (pre-tax) (attributable basis) negative unrealised fair value adjustment on open iron ore sales.

Higher headline earnings in the manganese division were driven by an increase in the average realised US dollar manganese ore and manganese alloy prices which was partially offset by lower manganese ore sales volumes, higher freight rates and the stronger rand versus US dollar exchange rate.

ARM Platinum headline earnings decreased by 38% (or R776 million) to R1 245 million (1H F2021: R2 021 million). Modikwa Mine delivered a 29% increase in headline earnings to R594 million (1H F2021: R462 million) as the mine increased production volumes by 37% and reduced production unit costs (on a rand per 6E PGM ounce basis) by 13%.

Two Rivers Mine headline earnings reduced to R725 million (1H F2021: R1 279 million) mainly due to R669 million negative mark-to-market adjustments (1H F2021: R569 million positive mark-to-market adjustments), a 3% decrease in production volumes and a 16% increase in production unit costs (on a rand per 6E PGM ounce basis).

For more information on the mark-to-market adjustments, refer below.

Nkomati Mine reported a headline loss of R74 million (1H F2021: R280 million headline earnings) as the mine was placed on care and maintenance on 15 March 2021.

ARM Coal headline earnings of R351 million (1H F2021 headline loss: R222 million) included a re-measurement gain of R18 million (1H F2021: R2 million) on partner loans. Higher headline earnings at coal were mainly because of increased export thermal coal prices, which were partially offset by lower sales volumes due to Transnet Freight Rail (TRF) logistics challenges.

ARM Corporate and other (including Gold) reported a headline loss of R237 million (1H F2021: R345 million headline earnings) mainly due to re-measurement losses of R364 million in the current period (1H F2021: R120 million gain) and decreased management fees received of R643 million (1H F2021: R779 million).

Machadodorp Works reported a headline loss of R91 million (1H F2021: R60 million) as research into developing energy-efficient smelting technology progressed.

HEADLINE EARNINGS/(LOSS) BY OPERATION/DIVISION

R million 1H F2022 1H F2021 % change
ARM Ferrous 2 428 2 955 (18)
Iron ore division 1 889 2 835 (33)
Manganese division 559 137 >200
Consolidation adjustment (20) (17) (18)
ARM Platinum 1 245 2 021 (38)
Two Rivers Mine 725 1 279 (43)
Modikwa Mine 594 462 29
Nkomati Mine (74) 280 (126)
ARM Coal 351 (222)  
Goedgevonden Mine 351 (135)  
PCB operations* (87)  
ARM Corporate and other (328) 285 (215)
Corporate and other (including Gold) (237) 345 (169)
Machadodorp Works (91) (60) (52)
Total 3 696 5 039 (27)

* Participative Coal Business.

Financial position and cash flow

At 31 December 2021, ARM's net cash was R11 056 million (30 June 2021: R8 202 million), an increase of R2 854 million compared to the end of the 2021 financial year. This amount excludes attributable cash and cash equivalents held at ARM Ferrous (50% of Assmang) of R4 428 million (30 June 2021: R4 099 million). There was no debt at ARM Ferrous in either of these reporting periods.

DIVIDENDS RECEIVED BY ARM CORPORATE

R million 1H F2022 1H F2021 % change
Assmang 3 500 1 500 133
Modikwa Mine 415  
Two Rivers Mine 459 432 6
Harmony Gold 20  
Total dividends received 4 394 1 932 127

Cash generated from operations increased by R2 799 million to R4 825 million (1H F2021: R2 026 million) after a reduction in working capital requirements of R1 036 million (1H F2021: R3 587 million increase), mainly due to a decrease in trade receivables.

In 1H F2022, ARM paid R3 917 million in dividends to its shareholders, representing the final dividend of R20.00 per share declared for F2021 (1H F2021: R1 346 million was paid representing the F2020 final dividend of R7.00 per share).

Net cash outflow from investing activities was R1 167 million (1H F2021: R13 million inflow) and included a net investment in financial assets of R314 million (1H F2021: R856 million net proceeds from financial assets).

Borrowings of R68 million (1H F2021: R177 million) were repaid during the period, resulting in gross debt of R1 026 million at 31 December 2021 (30 June 2021: R1 469 million). This excludes a R549 million (1H F2021: R23 million) reduction in ARM Coal partner loans that was repaid.

Analysis of movements in net cash and cash equivalents

(R million)

Investing in growth and our existing business

Our robust cash balance positions us well to invest in our operations and opportunistically pursue value-enhancing growth while continuing to pay dividends to shareholders. We continue to evaluate opportunities to grow our company, deliver competitive returns to shareholders and create sustainable value for our stakeholders.

We are pleased to have signed a sale and purchase agreement for the acquisition of the Bokoni Mine from Anglo American Platinum and Atlatsa Resources Corporation, subject to the fulfilment of certain conditions precedent. The acquisition gives ARM an opportunity to develop Bokoni Mine's large, high-grade resource which will enable ARM to scale its PGM portfolio, improve its global competitiveness and pursue further value-accretive organic growth.

Bokoni Mine was placed on care and maintenance in October 2017 owing mainly to adverse market conditions. We are developing a new mine plan for Bokoni Mine which will focus predominantly on mining the UG2 resource employing fully mechanised mining methods and targeting predominantly on-reef development. This plan targets better ground conditions and higher-grade mining areas, while fully leveraging existing mining and processing infrastructure. We will concurrently evaluate early mining opportunities to capitalise on the current strong PGM basket prices. The new mine plan is expected to improve efficiencies, reduce unit costs and provide early revenue.

The focus for the next 12 months will be to finalise a definitive feasibility study (DFS) and in parallel obtain all the requisite mining approvals and fulfil all conditions precedent as per the agreements concluded. This will enable ARM to commence mining operations in 2023. ARM envisages development capital of approximately R5.3 billion (in real 2021 terms) to be spent over three years to ramp up the mine to a steady-state production of approximately 300 000 ounces of 6E PGM and 255 000 tonnes of chromitite concentrate per annum. Steady state is expected to be achieved from 2028 onwards.

We continued to invest in our existing operations with segmental capital expenditure of R1 933 million for the period (1H F2021: R1 877 million). This included attributable capitalised waste stripping at the iron ore operations of R277 million (1H F2021: R271 million). Capital expenditure for the divisions is shown on the next page and is discussed in each division's operational performance section below of this report.

CAPITAL EXPENDITURE BY OPERATION/DIVISION (ATTRIBUTABLE BASIS)

R million 1H F2022 1H F2021 % change
ARM Ferrous 1 070 957 12
Iron ore division 576 481 20
Manganese division 542 519 4
Consolidation adjustment (48) (43)  
ARM Platinum 792 724 9
Two Rivers Mine 572 552 4
Modikwa Mine 220 172 28
Nkomati Mine
ARM Coal (Goedgevonden Mine) 67 195 (66)
ARM Corporate 4 1  
Total 1 933 1 877 3

These results have been achieved in conjunction with ARM's partners at the various operations: Anglo American Platinum Limited, Assore South Africa Proprietary Limited, Impala Platinum Holdings Limited, Norilsk Nickel Africa Proprietary Limited and Glencore Operations South Africa Proprietary Limited.

The interim results for the six months ended 31 December 2021 have been prepared in accordance with IFRS and disclosures are in line with IAS 34: Interim Financial Reporting.

Rounding may result in minor computational discrepancies in tables.

Operational performance

ARM Ferrous

Iron Ore division

Prices

Average realised US dollar export iron ore prices were 7% lower on a free on board (FOB) equivalent basis at US$116 per tonne (1H F2021: US$125 per tonne) as the 62% iron ore fines index price dropped from peak levels above US$230 per tonne at the beginning of July 2021 to below US$100 per tonne in November 2021 driven by a slowdown in steel production in China in the second half of the 2021 calendar year. The iron ore lump premium also collapsed to US$1.63 per tonne in September 2021, the lowest level since April 2017, but recovered and stabilised towards the later part of the six months under review.

Volumes

Total iron ore sales volumes, export sales volumes and local sales volumes decreased marginally (by 1%) compared to 1H F2021 at 8.2 million tonnes, 6.7 million tonnes and 1.5 million tonnes respectively. The ratio of lump to fines sales volumes was 58:42 (1H F2021: 59:41).

Iron ore production was 11% higher at 8.3 million tonnes (1H F2021: 7.5 million tonnes). Production in the corresponding period was lower as the mine had full product stockpiles at the end of 30 June 2020.

Unit costs

On-mine production unit costs for the iron ore division increased by 10% mainly due to higher waste-stripping costs being allocated to working costs at Khumani Mine coupled with above inflation increases in the costs of explosives, diesel and maintenance. These increases were partially mitigated by the 11% increase in production volumes.

On-mine production unit costs at Khumani Mine increased by 11% to R329 per tonne (1H F2021: R297 per tonne) while on-mine production unit costs at Beeshoek Mine increased by 5%. Khumani Mine's on-mine unit cash costs (which exclude run-of-mine ore stock movements, include capitalised waste-stripping costs and certain non-cash adjustments) were flat at R353 per tonne (1H F2021: R351 per tonne) demonstrating the impact of more waste-stripping costs being allocated to on-mine production costs. Beeshoek Mine's unit cash costs increased by 1% to R376 per tonne (1H F2021: R372 per tonne).

Unit cost of sales for the iron ore division were 11% higher mainly due to the increased on-mine production costs (as discussed above) and higher freight rates, which increased by 86%. Sales and marketing costs which are determined based on realised iron ore prices were lower owing to the decline in iron ore prices.

Consistent and sustainable water supply to Khumani Mine remains a concern given the delays and challenges experienced refurbishing and upgrading the Vaal Gamagara Water Supply System in the Northern Cape. Assmang is in extensive engagement with the Department of Water Affairs and the Minerals Council South Africa to collaboratively ensure that the refurbishment and upgrade programme is progressed to ensure sustainable water supply to the region.

Logistics

Export sales volumes were 58 000 tonnes lower at 6.7 million tonnes for 1H F2022 (1H F2021: 6.7 million tonnes). This was mainly due to Transnet Freight Rail (TFR) being impacted by derailments and various other operational challenges. TFR's reduced performance resulted in on-mine stockpiles reaching maximum capacity which is expected to impact production volumes at Khumani Mine in the 2H F2022. This has also resulted in very low port stockpiles at Saldanha Port, where vessels are loaded on a just-in-time system.

Assmang and the country's iron ore exporters continue to engage regularly with Transnet to address these operational challenges, seeking improvement for both rail and port operations.

Capital expenditure

Capital expenditure for the iron ore division was R1 152 million on a 100% basis (1H F2021: R962 million). The increase in capital expenditure was mainly due to higher infrastructure investment and fleet replacement. Capitalised waste-stripping costs were R554 million (1H F2021: R542 million).

IRON ORE OPERATIONAL STATISTICS (100% BASIS)

  unit 1H F2022 1H F2021 % change
Prices        
Average realised export price* US$/t 116 125 (7)
Volumes        
Export sales 000t 6 657 6 713 (1)
Local sales 000t 1 517 1 533 (1)
Total sales 000t 8 174 8 246 (1)
Production 000t 8 317 7 464 11
Export sales lump/fines split   58:42 59:41  
Export sales CIF/FOB** split   52:48 55:45  
Unit costs        
Change in on-mine production unit costs % 10 17  
Change in unit cost of sales % 11 16  
Capital expenditure R million 1 152 962 20

*    Average realised export iron ore prices on an FOB equivalent basis.

**  CIF – cost, insurance and freight; FOB – free-on-board.

Manganese ore operations

MANGANESE ORE FINANCIAL INFORMATION (ATTRIBUTABLE BASIS)

R million 1H F2022 1H F2021 % change
Sales 2 444 2 477 (1)
Operating profit 320 268 19
Contribution to headline earnings 218 215 25
Capital expenditure 529 504 5
Depreciation 189 174 9
EBITDA 509 441 15

Prices

The average US dollar prices realised for manganese ore increased in 1H F2022 as the average 44% manganese ore (CIF Tianjin) and 37% manganese ore (FOB Port Elizabeth) index prices increased by 26% and 16%, respectively. Manganese ore prices were supported by low port inventories (particularly in China) together with logistics challenges in the 2021 calendar year. Pollution and emission reduction mandates also raised the demand for higher grades of manganese ore, resulting in strong price divergences between ore grades.

Volumes

Total manganese ore sales volumes decreased by 6% to 1.8 million tonnes (1H F2021: 1.9 million tonnes). Export sales volumes were 6% lower at 1.7 million tonnes (1H F2021: 1.8 million tonnes) while local sales volumes were 70 000 tonnes (1H F2021: 65 000 tonnes).

The decrease in export sales volumes was mainly due to derailments caused by rain-related flooding, wash-away of rail lines and various operational challenges at TFR, including cable theft on the Gqeberha corridor and Eskom challenges in the same region.

Assmang and the rest of the manganese export producers continue to engage Transnet weekly to seek improvement of the rail and port systems.

Production volumes at Black Rock Mine were 5% higher at 2.1 million tonnes (1H F2021: 2.0 million tonnes) as the Gloria Mine ramps up production.

Unit costs

On-mine unit production costs and cash unit costs at the Black Rock Mine decreased by 6% to R658 per tonne (1H F2021: R698 per tonne for unit production costs and R696 per tonne for unit cash costs). The decrease in unit costs is largely attributable to the dilution of fixed costs as a result of increased production volumes. Unit production costs are expected to reduce further in real terms as the Black Rock Mine is modernised and optimised as part of the Black Rock and Gloria projects.

Logistics

Delivery by TFR and Transnet Port Terminals (TPT) was negatively impacted by operational challenges as discussed above. Additional rail and port capacities have been secured through the ports of Gqeberha and Saldanha in line with the ramp-up of Black Rock Mine until 2023. We continue to engage with Transnet on rail allocation beyond the current contractual period.

Capital expenditure

Capital expenditure for the manganese division increased by 4% to R1 083 million (100% basis) (1H F2021: R1 008 million) of which R278 million relates to the modernisation and optimisation of Gloria Mine (1H F2021: R504 million) and R175 million related to the Black Rock Project (1H F2021: R270 million).

Projects

The Gloria Project was negatively impacted by difficult ground conditions and complex geology during mining development. With 87% of the approved R2.97 billion spent on the Gloria Project at 31 December 2021, the project is 90.3% complete and is forecast to be completed by August 2022. The surface plant system has been successfully commissioned and was handed over to operations in September 2021. The underground plant and crusher construction is on schedule with handover to operations planned for May 2022.

The Black Rock Project was also negatively impacted by difficult ground conditions mainly at the Nchwaning III Tip 2 system. The project is currently 98% complete and is expected to be finalised in August 2022 at a total project cost of R7.3 billion.

The Nchwaning II Graben system was successfully commissioned and handed over to operations during 1H F2022.

Both the Gloria and Black Rock projects' completion dates are aligned with the production ramp-up plan which has been carefully synchronised with Transnet rail and export capacity.

MANGANESE ORE OPERATIONAL STATISTICS (100% BASIS)

  unit 1H F2022 1H F2021 % change
Volumes        
Export sales 000t 1 681 1 796 (6)
Domestic sales* 000t 70 65 8
Total sales 000t 1 751 1 861 (6)
Production 000t 2 069 1 997 4
Unit costs        
Change in on-mine production unit costs % (6) 18  
Change in unit cost of sales % 15 9  
Capital expenditure R million 1 058 1 008 5

* Excluding intra-group sales of 82 000 tonnes sold to Cato Ridge Works (1H F2021: 85 000 tonnes).

Manganese alloys operations

MANGANESE ALLOY FINANCIAL INFORMATION (ATTRIBUTABLE BASIS)

R million 1H F2022 1H F2021 % change
Sales 650 491 32
Operating profit 168 11 >200
Contribution to headline earnings 341 (78)  
Capital expenditure 13 15 (13)
Depreciation 1 14 (93)
EBITDA 169 26 >200

Prices

US dollar index price for high carbon manganese alloys increased by 91% mainly due to a temporary shortage of alloys in the market to meet the increased steel production mainly from Europe, the United States and India.

Volumes

High-carbon manganese alloy production including molten metal at Cato Ridge Works decreased by 9% to 61 000 tonnes (1H F2021: 67 000 tonnes). This was mainly because of the civil unrest experienced in KwaZulu-Natal in July 2021, ore variability and poor reductant quality. Medium-carbon manganese alloy production at Cato Ridge Alloys was 4% higher at 29 000 tonnes (1H F2021: 28 000 tonnes).

High-carbon manganese alloy export sales at Cato Ridge Works decreased by 27% to 27 000 tonnes (1H F2021: 37 000 tonnes) due to the reasons highlighted above. Medium-carbon manganese alloy sales at Cato Ridge Alloys decreased by 20% to 24 000 tonnes (1H F2021: 30 000 tonnes).

High-carbon manganese alloy production at Sakura decreased by 14% to 91 000 tonnes (1H F2021: 106 000 tonnes) mainly due to an unplanned shut down of a furnace following multiple transformer failures. Sakura had to declare Force Majeure to its customers due to the lower production volumes. High-carbon manganese alloy sales at Sakura decreased by 31% to 71 000 tonnes (1H F2021: 103 000 tonnes).

Unit costs

Production unit costs at Cato Ridge Works were 11% higher at R14 190 per tonne (1H F2021: R12 764 per tonne) as a result of lower production volumes, inflationary increases and furnace efficiency challenges. Cash costs at Cato Ridge Works (which include fixed cost charged out of working costs during periods of no production), increased by 15% to R14 225 per tonne (1H F2021: R12 415 per tonne).

Production unit costs at Cato Ridge Alloys were 34% higher at R24 543 per tonne (1H F2021: R18 324 per tonne) primarily driven by higher molten metal input prices, informed by increased high-carbon manganese alloy US dollar index prices.

Production unit costs at Sakura increased 11% to MYR4 215 per tonne (1H F2021: MYR3 792 per tonne). This was mainly driven by lower production volumes following the unplanned furnace outage and significant increases in manganese ore and reductant prices.

MANGANESE ALLOY OPERATIONAL STATISTICS (100% BASIS)

  unit 1H F2022 1H F2021 % change
Volumes        
Cato Ridge Works sales* 000t 27 37 (27)
Cato Ridge Alloys sales 000t 24 30 (20)
Sakura sales  000t 71 103 (31)
Cato Ridge Works production   000t 61 67 (9)
Cato Ridge Alloys production   000t 29 28 4
Sakura production 000t 91 106 (14)
Unit costs – Cato Ridge Works        
Change in on-mine unit production costs   % 11 12  
Change in unit cost of sales   % 15 13  
Unit costs – Cato Ridge Alloys        
Change in on-mine production unit costs   % 34  
Change in unit cost of sales   % 10 (2)  
Unit costs – Sakura        
Change in on-mine production unit costs   % 11 (1)  
Change in unit cost of sales   % 18 8  

* Excluding intra-group sales of 35 000 tonnes sold to Cato Ridge Alloys (1H F2021: 33 000 tonnes)

The ARM Ferrous operations, which are held through a 50% investment in Assmang Proprietary Limited (Assmang), comprise the iron ore and manganese divisions. Assore South Africa Proprietary Limited, ARM's partner in Assmang, owns the remaining 50%.

ARM Platinum

Prices

Higher US dollar PGM prices, particularly platinum (10% higher) and rhodium (20% higher), were partially offset by the stronger rand versus US dollar exchange rate. The average rand per 6E kilogram basket price for Modikwa and Two Rivers rose by 6% and 7% to R1 284 600 per kilogram (1H F2021: R1 215 364 per kilogram) and R1 201 888 per kilogram (1H F2021: R1 120 965 per kilogram), respectively.

AVERAGE US DOLLAR METAL PRICES

  unit 1H F2022 1H F2021 % change
Platinum US$/oz 1 011 921 10
Palladium US$/oz 2 202 2 258 (2)
Rhodium US$/oz 14 816 12 358 20
Nickel US$/t 19 468 14 436 35
Copper US$/t 9 534 6 516 46
Cobalt US$/lb 27 15 80
UG2 chrome concentrate – Two Rivers (CIF)* US$/t 158 129 22
UG2 chrome concentrate – Modikwa (CIF)* US$/t 163    
High sulphur chrome concentrate – Nkomati (FOT)* US$/t   44  

* CIF – cost, insurance and freight; FOT – free-on-truck.

AVERAGE RAND METAL PRICES

  unit 1H F2022 1H F2021 % change
Average exchange rate R/US$ 15.02 16.26 (8)
Platinum R/oz 15 191 14 983  1
Palladium R/oz 33 077 36 715 (10)
Rhodium R/oz 222 546 200 943  11
Nickel R/t 292 431 234 730  25
Copper R/t 143 212 105 948  35
Cobalt R/lb 403 246  64
UG2 chrome concentrate – Two Rivers (CIF)* R/t 2 373 2 103  13
UG2 chrome concentrate – Modikwa (CIF)* R/t 2 447    
High sulphur chrome concentrate – Nkomati (FOT)* R/t   719  

* CIF – cost, insurance and freight; FOT – free-on-truck.

Two Rivers and Modikwa mines recognise revenue using provisional pricing. The sales price of the concentrate is determined on a provisional basis at the date of the sale, with adjustments made to the sales price based on movements in the discounted forward commodity prices up to the date of final pricing. Post refining and delivery, adjustments are made to reflect final pricing.

Any differences between the provisional and final commodity prices after the reporting period result in the next reporting period's earnings being impacted by a mark-to-market adjustments.

Realised mark-to-market adjustments

A portion of the ARM Platinum receivables as at 30 June 2021 was realised at lower prices following the sharp decline in rhodium and palladium prices in the first three months of the period under review, which resulted in realised negative mark-to-market adjustments as shown in the table below.

Unrealised mark-to-market adjustments

Revenue related to open sales at 31 December at Two Rivers and Modikwa mines was initially recognised using provisional prices and subsequently revalued at 31 December per the table below.

TWO RIVERS MINE MARK-TO-MARKET ADJUSTMENTS

  unit 1H F2022 1H F2021
Realised mark-to-market adjustments* R million (722) 454
Provisional sales value R million 5 958 3 554
Final sales value R million 5 236 4 008
Unrealised mark-to-market adjustments R million 53 115
Initial provisional sales recognition R million 1 491 1 628
Period end provisional sales recognition R million 1 544 1 743
Total mark-to-market adjustment R million 669 569

MODIKWA MINE MARK-TO-MARKET ADJUSTMENTS

  unit 1H F2022 1H F2021
Realised mark-to-market adjustments* R million (255) 203
Provisional sales value R million 2 588 1 518
Final sales value R million 2 333 1 721
Unrealised mark-to-market adjustments R million 48 88
Initial provisional sales recognition R million 1 062 762
Period end provisional sales recognition R million 1 110 850
Total mark-to-market adjustment R million (207) 291
* Average rhodium prices decreased by approximately 20% from the date of provisional recognition to final price realisation, which together with movements in other PGM commodity prices, resulted in the realised mark-to-market adjustments.

Modikwa Mine

Volumes

Tonnes milled improved by 34% which, combined with a 1% rise in head grade, increased production volumes by 37% to 152 379 6E PGM ounces (1H F2021: 111 295 6E PGM ounces). Production volumes were lower in the comparable period due to industrial action and two fatalities which resulted in the loss of approximately 20 000 6E PGM ounces in 1H F2021.

Unit costs

Production unit costs reduced by 13% to R13 528 per 6E PGM ounce (1H F2021: R15 590 per 6E PGM ounce) and were 11% lower on a rand per tonne basis at R1 706 (1H F2021: R1 923). This is largely attributable to the 37% increase in production.

Capital expenditure

Capital expenditure at Modikwa Mine (100% basis) rose by 28% to R440 million (1H F2021: R343 million). Of this, 25% related to fleet refurbishment and critical spares, 20% to the South 2 Shaft deepening project, 10% to the finalisation of the chrome recovery plant and 9% to the installation of a Proximity Detection System for the mining fleet.

Projects

North Shaft Project – the remaining electrical reticulation work is on track for completion in 1H F2023.

South 2 Shaft Project – establishing a decline system south of the current South 1 Shaft infrastructure. The first phase to enhance mining flexibility and contribute to the production build-up of the mine is complete and South 2 Shaft is ramping up to steady-state production. South 2 Shaft achieved a run rate of 60 000 ore tonnes per month for 1H F2022, which is above the 55 000 ore tonnes target. The mine has normalised its production rate in 1H F2022 with the focus remaining on the development of the declines and associated infrastructure.

Chrome Recovery Plant (CRP) – the project was approved for construction in 1H F2020. Nameplate capacity will be 288 000 tonnes of chromitite concentrate per annum. The CRP project has been completed and the first chrome was dispatched towards the end of 1H F2021.

MODIKWA MINE OPERATIONAL STATISTICS (100% BASIS)

  unit 1H F2022 1H F2021 % change
Operating profit R million 2 238 2 180 3
– PGMs R million 2 249 2 180 3
– Chrome R million (11)  
Tonnes milled Mt 1.21 0.90 34
Head grade g/t 6E 4.58 4.52 1
PGMs in concentrate 6E oz 152 379 111 295 37
Chrome in concentrate sold Tonnes 10 462
Average basket price R/kg 6E 1 284 600 1 215 364 6
Average basket price US$/oz 6E 2 660 2 325 14
Operating margin % 52 56  
Operating cost R/kg 6E 434 935 501 237 (13)
Operating cost R/t 1 706 1 923 (11)
Operating cost R/Pt oz 34 470 39 690 (13)
Operating cost R/oz 6E 13 528 15 590 (13)
Operating cost US$/oz 6E 901 959 (6)

Two Rivers Mine

Volumes

PGM production volumes decreased by 3% from 150 304 6E PGM ounces in 1H F2021 to 146 524 6E PGM ounces in 1H F2022. The grade at Two Rivers Mine remains a constraint as various mining cuts are taken in the multi-split reef areas to optimise grade as far as possible. Following the accelerated development of the declines, mining flexibility is improving and enabling a better mining mix. Two Rivers Mine lost approximately 1 000 6E PGM ounces following a safety stoppage after the fall-of-ground fatal accident in September 2021.

Unit costs

Two Rivers Mine production unit cost increased by 10% to R964 per tonne milled (1H F2021: R877 per tonne). The rand per 6E PGM ounce operating cost increased by 16% to R11 015 per ounce (1H F2021: R9 518 per ounce), primarily due to the utilisation of stock which negatively impacted operating costs.

Capital expenditure

Of the R572 million spent at Two Rivers Mine, 30% was spent on the Two Rivers Merensky Project as approved in F2021.

Deepening of the declines at Main and North shafts along with electrical and mechanical installations comprised a further 25% of total capital expenditure. Additionally, 19% was spent on the tailings storage facility and 8% on mining fleet replacement.

The plant expansion project, which will add 40 000 tonnes per month milling capacity, was approved in December 2019. After a two-month delay related to Covid-19, and steel shortage due to the metalworkers' strike, the additional mill is now commissioned with full ramp-up expected to be achieved towards the end of the third quarter of F2022.

Construction of the new tailings storage facility was completed in October 2021 and final commissioning is expected in the second half of F2022.

Projects

Two Rivers’ shareholders approved the Two Rivers Merensky Project which involves mining of the Merensky Reef. Total estimated capital expenditure for the project is R5.7 billion (100% basis) which will be spent over three years. The project targets annual production of 182 000 6E PGM ounces, 1 600 tonnes nickel and 1 300 tonnes of copper.

Merensky underground mining is planned to commence in the fourth quarter of F2022, with the plant set to be commissioned in the second quarter of F2024.

The project is running slightly behind schedule on surface earthworks; however, this has no effect on the critical paths or schedule of the mining works.

TWO RIVERS MINE OPERATIONAL STATISTICS (100% BASIS)

  unit 1H F2022 1H F2021 % change
Operating profit R million 2 316 3 875 (40)
– PGMs R million 2 276 3 808 (40)
– Chrome R million 40 67 (40)
Tonnes milled Mt 1.67 1.63 2
Head grade g/t 6E 3.20 3.37   (5)
PGMs in concentrate ounces 6E 146 524 150 304   (3)
Chrome in concentrate sold tonnes 112 875 123 554   (9)
Average basket price R/kg 6E 1 201 888 1 120 965 7
Average basket price US$/oz 6E 2 489 2 144 16
Operating margin % 57 70  
Operating cost R/kg 6E 354 124 306 018 16
Operating cost R/t 964 877 10
Operating cost R/Pt oz 23 678 20 422 16
Operating cost R/oz 6E 11 015 9 518 16
Operating cost US$/oz 6E 733 585 25

Nkomati Mine

Care and maintenance

Nkomati Mine was placed on care and maintenance since 15 March 2021. Various options regarding the way forward for the mine are under evaluation.

Estimated rehabilitation costs

At 31 December 2021, the estimated undiscounted rehabilitation costs attributable to ARM were determined to be R679 million (30 June 2021: R679 million) excluding VAT.

The discounted rehabilitation costs attributable to ARM were determined to be R608 million (30 June 2021: R596 million). The R12 million increase in the discounted liability was due to unwinding interest recognised against the liability.

At 31 December 2021, R136 million (attributable to ARM) in cash and financial assets were available to fund rehabilitation obligations for Nkomati Mine. The resulting attributable shortfall of R472 million is expected to be funded by ARM.

Nkomati Mine's estimated rehabilitation costs continue to be reassessed as engineering designs evolve and new information becomes available.

ARM Coal

Prices

US dollar prices for thermal coal increased in 1H F2022 largely due to constrained global coal supply, which was hampered by logistics constraints, adverse weather conditions and an increase in demand as Asian Liquefied Natural Gas (LNG) prices reached record levels (prompting a switch from gas to coal). Prices were further positively impacted by a ban on coal exports in Indonesia which was subsequently lifted in January 2022.

Goedgevonden Mine's average received export US dollar price increased by 159% to US$118 per tonne in 1H F2022 (1H F2021: US$46 per tonne) on higher market prices and increased export of high-grade quality. PCB average received export US dollar price increased by 150% from US$46 per tonne in 1H F2021 to US$115 per tonne in 1H F2022.

Approximately 64% of export volumes at Goedgevonden Mine comprised high-quality coal, while PCB exports of high-quality coal totalled 72%.

Goedgevonden Mine

GOEDGEVONDEN MINE ATTRIBUTABLE HEADLINE EARNINGS/(LOSS) ANALYSIS

R million 1H F2022 1H F2021 % change
Cash operating profit 336 30 1 030
Amortisation and depreciation (109) (102) (7)
Imputed interest* (65) (69) 6
Loan re-measurement and fair value gains/(losses) 246 (23)  
Profit/(loss) before tax 408 (164)  
Tax (57) 29 >(200)
Headline earnings/(loss) attributable to ARM 351 (135)  

* Post restructuring the ARM Coal loans, all interest expense on partner loans is imputed.

Volumes

Increased health and safety measures together with the vaccinations drives at the operations have reduced the impact of Covid-19 on production volumes for both Goedgevonden Mine and PCB.

Total sales volumes reduced by 1% as underperformance from TFR resulted in full product stockpiles at Goedgevonden Mine. ARM's attributable saleable production remained flat at 0.75 million tonnes in 1H F2022 compared to the comparative period.

Unit costs

On-mine production unit costs per saleable tonne increased by 7% to R537 per tonne (1H F2021: R503 per tonne) due to inflationary increases related to on-mine expenditure.

GOEDGEVONDEN MINE OPERATIONAL STATISTICS

  unit 1H F2022 1H F2021 % change
Total production and sales (100% basis)        
Saleable production Mt 2.89 2.89
Export thermal coal sales Mt 1.72 2.00 (14)
Domestic thermal coal sales Mt 1.21 0.96 26
ARM attributable production and sales        
Saleable production Mt 0.75 0.75 0
Export thermal coal sales Mt 0.45 0.52 (13)
Domestic thermal coal sales Mt 0.32 0.25 28
Average received coal price        
Export (FOB)* US$/t 118 46 159
Domestic (FOT)** R/t 298 382 (22)
Unit costs        
On-mine saleable cost R/t 537 503 7
Capital expenditure R million 256 750 (66)

*  FOB – free-on-board.

** FOT – free-on-truck.

Participative Coal Business (PCB)

PCB ATTRIBUTABLE HEADLINE (LOSS)/EARNINGS ANALYSIS

R million 1H F2022 1H F2021 % change
Cash operating profit 801 198 >200
Imputed interest (52) (56) 7
Amortisation and depreciation (398) (285)  (40)
Loan re-measurement (loss)/gain (241) 25 >(200)
Impairment reversal 239  
Profit/(loss) before tax 349 (118)  
Tax (110) 31 >(200)
Basic earnings/(loss) 239 (87)  
Less: Impairment reversal (239)  
Headline earnings/(loss) attributable to ARM (87)  

Volumes

Export sales volumes were 17% higher at 4.87 million tonnes (1H F2021: 4.15 million tonnes). Domestic sales volumes declined by 68% from 1.7 million tonnes to 0.54 million tonnes due to the expiration of certain domestic contracts.

Production at the PCB operations was negatively impacted by TFR's underperformance resulting in high product stockpiles. ARM's attributable saleable production was 0.98 million tonnes in 1H F2022 compared to 1.24 million tonnes in 1H F2021.

Unit costs

Production unit costs per saleable tonne increased by 31% from R472 per tonne in 1H F2021 to R619 per tonne in 1H F2022. The increase in unit costs is due to the reduction in saleable production together with a reduction in the capitalisation of pre-stripping costs.

PCB OPERATIONAL STATISTICS

  unit 1H F2022 1H F2021 % change
Total production and sales (100% basis)        
Saleable production Mt 4.85 6.14 (21)
Export thermal coal sales Mt 4.87 4.15 17
Domestic thermal coal sales Mt 0.54 1.70 (68)
ARM attributable production and sales        
Saleable production Mt 0.98 1.24 (21)
Export thermal coal sales Mt 0.98 0.84 17
Domestic thermal coal sales Mt 0.11 0.34 (68)
Average received coal price        
Export (FOB)* US$/t 115 46 150
Domestic (FOT)** R/t 513 718 (29)
Unit costs        
On-mine saleable cost R/t 619 472 31
Capital expenditure R million 649 1 066 (39)

*  FOB – free-on-board.

** FOT – free-on-truck.

ARM's economic interest in PCB is 20.2%. PCB consists of two large mining complexes in Mpumalanga. ARM has a 26% effective interest in the Goedgevonden Mine near Ogies in Mpumalanga.

Harmony

ARM's investment in Harmony was positively revalued by R1 033 million in 1H F2022 (1H F2021: R20 million negative revaluation) as the Harmony share price increased by 26% from R52.76 per share at 30 June 2021 to R66.60 per share at 31 December 2021. The Harmony investment is therefore reflected on the ARM statement of financial position at R4 973 million based on its share price at 31 December 2021.

Gains and losses are accounted for, net of deferred capital gains tax, through the statement of comprehensive income. Dividends from Harmony are recognised in the ARM statement of profit or loss on the last day of registration following dividend declaration.

Harmony declared an interim dividend of 40 cents per share in respect of the six months ended 31 December 2021.

Basic earnings decreased by 70% to 227 cents per share (1H F2021: restated 763 cents per share).

Headline earnings decreased by 65% to 248 cents per share (1H F2021: restated 713 per share).

Harmony's results for the six months ended 31 December 2021 can be found on Harmony's website: www.harmony.co.za

Outlook

Commodity prices were subject to significant volatility in the first six months of F2022. Iron ore prices reached peaks above US$200 per tonne and fell below US$100 per tonne, but seem to have found stability between US$120 per tonne and US$140 per tonne. The 2022 calendar year is expected to have a more balanced iron ore market and is then expected to move into surplus from 2023 onwards. This could place downward pressure on iron ore prices. ARM's iron ore operations remain well-positioned as the global move to reduce carbon emissions in the steel industry has resulted in greater demand for high-quality lumpy iron ore products.

In PGMs, although the semi-conductor chip shortage has dampened autocatalyst demand in the short term, tightening emission standards and the role of PGMs in clean mobility, particularly through hydrogen technology, are expected to be positive for PGM demand. We believe that the medium to long-term fundamentals of PGM are robust as supply remains constrained and demand is supported.

ARM's confidence in the fundamentals of the PGM sector is evidenced through its recent conclusion of agreements to acquire Bokoni Platinum Mine which is the second largest PGM resource in South Africa.

The success of ARM's operations is heavily reliant on the efficient provision of utilities and logistics infrastructure within South Africa. While there are numerous challenges in reliable supply of power, water security and performance on logistics channels, we remain fully committed to working with government and all stakeholders to find sustainable solutions that benefit the mining sector and the country.

These and other input cost escalations are expected to continue putting pressure on unit costs across the South African mining industry. We are implementing various efficiency improvement and cost containment initiatives at our operations to mitigate against above-inflation unit cost increases.

We remain fully committed to mutually beneficial relationships with all our stakeholders to ensure that we build a resilient and sustainable business that delivers competitive returns for shareholders.

Dividends

ARM aims to pay ordinary dividends to shareholders in line with our dividend guiding principles. Dividends are at the discretion of the board of directors which considers the company's capital allocation guiding principles as well as other relevant factors such as financial performance, commodities outlook, investment opportunities, gearing levels as well as solvency and liquidity requirements of the Companies Act.

For 1H F2022, the board approved and declared an interim dividend of 1 200 cents per share (gross) (1H F2021: 1 000 cents per share). The amount to be paid is approximately R2 694 million. The dividend declared will be subject to dividend withholding tax. In line with paragraphs 11.17(a) (i) to (x) and 11.17(c) of the JSE Listings Requirements, the following additional information is disclosed:

  • The dividend has been declared out of income reserves
  • The South African dividends tax rate is 20%
  • The gross local dividend is 1 200 cents per ordinary share for shareholders exempt from dividends tax
  • The net local dividend is 960 cents per share for shareholders liable to pay dividends tax
  • At the date of this declaration, ARM has 224 458 652 ordinary shares in issue, and
  • ARM's income tax reference number is 9030/018/60/1.

A gross dividend of 1 200 cents per ordinary share, being the dividend for the six months ended 31 December 2021, has been declared payable on Monday, 4 April 2022 to those shareholders recorded in the books of the company at the close of business on Friday, 1 April 2022. The dividend is declared in the currency of South Africa. Any change in address or dividend instruction applying to this dividend must be received by the company's transfer secretaries or registrar not later than Wednesday, 30 March 2022. The last day to trade ordinary shares cum dividend is Tuesday, 29 March 2022. Ordinary shares trade ex-dividend from Wednesday, 30 March 2022. The record date is Friday, 1 April 2022 while the payment date is Monday, 4 April 2022.

No dematerialisation or rematerialisation of share certificates may occur between Wednesday, 30 March 2022 and Friday, 1 April 2022, both dates inclusive, nor may any transfers between registers take place during this period.

Changes to Mineral Resources and Mineral Reserves

There has been no material change to ARM's Mineral Resources and Mineral Reserves as disclosed in the integrated annual report for the financial year ended 30 June 2021, other than depletion due to continued mining activities at the operations.

On 20 December 2021, ARM announced that it had entered into a sale and purchase agreement to acquire all the shares of Bokoni Platinum Mines Proprietary Limited. Bokoni Mine is located in the Eastern Limb of the Bushveld Complex in the Limpopo province of South Africa. The Mineral Resources and Mineral Reserves of this asset will be reported on by ARM once all the conditions precedent have been fulfilled, which include consent in terms of section 11 of the Mineral and Petroleum Resources Development Act, 28 of 2002 and approval from the South African Competition Authorities in terms of the Competition Act, 89 of 1998.

An updated Mineral Resources and Mineral Reserves statement will be issued in our 2022 integrated annual report.

Scope of independent auditor

The financial results for the six months ended 31 December 2021 have not been reviewed nor audited by the company's registered auditor, Ernst & Young Inc. (the partner in charge is PD Grobbelaar CA(SA)).

Signed on behalf of the board:

PT Motsepe
Executive Chairman

MP Schmidt
Chief Executive Officer

Johannesburg
3 March 2022


Salient features

INTERIM RESULTS
for the six months ended 31 December 2021


SALIENT FEATURES

Headline earnings for the six months ended 31 December 2021 (1H F2022) decreased by 27% to R3 696 million or R18.87 per share (1H F2021: R5 039 million or R25.87 per share)
An interim dividend of R12.00 per share is declared (1H F2021: R10.00 per share)
Sale and purchase agreement signed, subject to the fulfilment of certain conditions precedent, for the acquisition of Bokoni Platinum Mine (Bokoni Mine) for a consideration of R3 500 million payable in cash. Bokoni Mine has the second largest platinum group metals (PGM) resource in South Africa
ARM Ferrous headline earnings decreased by 18% to R2 428 million (1H F2021: R2 955 million) mainly due to lower headline earnings in the iron ore division (owing to a decrease in US dollar iron ore prices) which was partially offset by improved headline earnings in the manganese division
ARM Platinum headline earnings decreased by 38% to R1 245 million (1H F2021: R2 021 million) largely due to negative mark-to-market adjustments related to the receivables balance as at 30 June 2021 following a decrease in the rhodium and palladium prices in the first three months of the period
ARM Coal headline earnings increased by R573 million to R351 million (1H F2021: R222 million headline loss) mainly due to higher export thermal coal prices
Basic earnings were R3 893 million (1H F2021: R4 868 million) and included an attributable impairment reversal of R239 million on the investment in the Participative Coal Business (PCB)
Net cash improved by R2 854 million to R11 056 million at 31 December 2021 (30 June 2021: R8 202 million)


Downloads

INTERIM RESULTS
for the six months ended 31 December 2021



Video

INTERIM RESULTS
for the six months ended 31 December 2021


Video



Home

INTERIM RESULTS
for the six months ended 31 December 2021